bf 109 variants

Ersätzteiliste Bf 109 K, Rumpfwerk, Baugruppe 209.728. Seven earlier versions (Bf 109 B, Bf 109 C, Bf 109 E) were converted to test carrier equipment. The remaining 63 of 70 T-1s were built as T-2s without carrier equipment and some of the T-1s may have been "upgraded" to T-2 standard. [33][49] The DB 601E was initially restricted to 1,200 PS (1,184 hp, 883 kW) at 2,500 rpm;[49] however, the full rating of 1,350 PS at 2,500 rpm was cleared for service use by February 1942. 534 examples had been delivered by the Messerschmitt A.G., Regensburg by the end of November 1944,[98] and 856 by the end of the year. Only a few prototypes were built; the project was abandoned in favour of the Messerschmitt Bf 109T and Me 155. Le pilote, Hans Fahrenberger, a réussi à se réfugier sur l'île de Planier toute proche. Die Messerschmitt Bf 109 (oft als Me 109 bezeichnet) war ein einmotoriges, einsitziges Jagdflugzeug des deutschen Flugzeugherstellers Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG (BFW, ab 1938: Messerschmitt AG ). Additional modifications included setting the main undercarriage hinges further inboard, with associated strengthening of the fuselage and modifications to the wing for… D.(Luft) T.2109 Bf 109 G-6/U4 Flugzeug handbuch, Tei 0: Allgemeine Angaben. [38] These cutoff valves were later factory standard fitting for Bf 109G[39] and K series.[40][41]. Armament was initially planned to be just two cowl-mounted 7.92 mm MG 17 machine guns. [51] The maximum speed of the F-1 and F-2 was 615 km/h (382 mph) at rated altitude. Erich Hartmann, the World's top scoring fighter ace, claiming 352 victories, flew only the Bf 109G, of which he said: It was very manoeuvrable, and it was easy to handle. 112–113, 178–181, 188–189. [101], Power in production K-4s was supplied by the Daimler-Benz DB 605 DB/DC engine (very early K-4s used the earlier DM). Several other versions were projected based on the 109K airframe – K-6, K-8, K-10 and K-14. [Notes 2] In addition, a larger 350 × 135 mm (14 × 5 in) tailwheel replaced the original 290 × 110 mm (11 × 4 in) one; the larger tailwheel no longer fitted the recess, so the retraction mechanism was disconnected and the tailwheel fixed down. [49]. Gustav Rödel Bf 109 G-2 remake in the Luftwaffenmuseum in Berlin, The G-1, produced from February 1942, was the first production version of the G-series and the first production Bf 109 with a pressurized cockpit. To improve on the performance afforded by the 441–515 kW (600–700 PS) Jumo 210, the larger, longer Daimler-Benz DB 601A engine was used, yielding an extra 223 kW (300 PS) at the cost of an additional 181 kg (400 lb). Gr. These were modified Bf 109G-14s, the latter with the inferior Junkers Jumo 211F engine, which resulted in an aircraft with remarkably poor handling characteristics and a tendency to crash during landings. 21 cm (8 in) under-wing mortar/rockets and the 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon increased firepower. The C-4 was planned to have an engine-mounted Motorkanone MG FF, but the variant was not produced. The E-3 was armed with the two MG 17s above the engine and one MG FF cannon in each wing. A total of 1,183 E-1 were built, 110 of them were E-1/B. About 1,380 F-2s were built between October 1940 and August 1941 by AGO, Arado, Erla, Messerschmitt Regensburg and WNF. [2] V4 and some A-0 were powered by a 640 PS (631 hp, 471 kW) Junkers Jumo 210B engine driving a two-blade fixed-pitch propeller, but production was changed to the 670 PS (661 hp, 493 kW) Jumo 210D as soon as it became available. [69]. The wings could, however, be detached from the fuselage for transport purposes, as in every version of the Bf 109. This version was a first truly mass-produced variant of the Messerschmitt's fighter, and the first to introduce the superb Daimler Benz DB 601 engine. Instead the "/R" suffix referred to the G-2's Rüstzustand[ citation needed ] or equipment condition of the airframe, which was assigned at the factory rather than in the field. [27]. In these GM-1 nitrous oxide 'boost' was used, and the pilot's back armour was removed, as were all fittings for the long-range drop tank. The project was permanently abandoned in 1944. Because the radiators were mounted near the trailing edge of the wing, coinciding with the increased speed of the airflow accelerating around the wing camber, cooling was more effective than that of the Jumo engined 109s, albeit at the cost of extra ducting and piping, which was vulnerable to damage. Bf 109 Part 2: 'F' to 'K' Variants; Bf 109E/F vs Yak-1/7; Bf 109F-4 Commemorative Recovery Plaque; Bf 109G-6; Bf 109G/K Volume I; Building lie Bf 109G-6; Hispano Aviación HA-1112; In Defense of lie Reich; Jagdgeschwader 52 - The Experten; JG 26; Me 109 Part 3; Messerschmitt Bf 109 Early Series; Messerschmitt Bf 109 A-D Models ; Messerschmitt Bf 109 A-D Series; Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-F … The largest archive of german WWII images has uploaded 3604 photos to Flickr. ". The conspicuous bracing struts were removed from the horizontal tailplanes which were relocated to slightly below and forward of their original positions. [67] Due to the steady weight increases of the 109, from the spring of 1943 larger 660 × 160 mm (26 × 6.3 in) mainwheels were introduced, replacing the previously used 650 × 150 mm (25.6 × 6 in) type. From the spring of 1943, the G-series saw the appearance of bulges in the cowling when the 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 were replaced with 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns (G-5 onwards) due to the latter's much larger breechblock, and on the wings (due to larger tyres), leading to the Bf 109 G-6's nickname "Die Beule" ("The Bulge"). The full output was not reinstated until 8 June 1943 when Daimler-Benz issued a technical directive. Bf 109 G, G12 and K variants (3) Explore GLORY. Maximum speed of the G-5/G-6 was 530 km/h (320 mph) at sea level, 640 km/h (391 mph) at 6,600 m (21,650 ft)-rated altitude at 1.42 atm boost. The lower split flap was mechanically linked to the central "main" flap, while the upper split flap and forward bath lip position were regulated via a thermostatic valve which automatically positioned the flaps for maximum cooling effectiveness. The tail section of the aircraft was redesigned as well. The D-2 was an experimental version with an engine-mounted machine gun, but as previously tried, this installation failed. [25] A total of 438 E-7s of all variants were built. on a taller tailfin/rudder unit, pilot seat or instrument panel. The new shell required modifications to the MG FF's mechanism due to the different recoil characteristics, hence the MG FF/M designation. Bf 109, in full Bayerische Flugzeugwerke 109, also called Me 109, Nazi Germany’s most important fighter aircraft, both in operational importance and in numbers produced.It was commonly referred to as the Me 109 after its designer, Willy Messerschmitt. [55], Bf 109G-2/Trop "Black 6", Now on static display RAF Hendon London, Bf 109G-2, Wings of Dream Museum in São Carlos, Brazil, The Bf 109 G-series was developed from the largely identical F-series airframe, although there were detail differences. Thanks to the improved aerodynamics, more fuel-efficient engines and the introduction of light-alloy versions of the standard Luftwaffe 300 litre drop tank, the Bf 109 F offered a much increased maximum range of 1,700 km (1,060 mi) [37] compared to the Bf 109 E's maximum range figure of only 660 km (410 miles) on internal fuel, [38] and with the E-7's provision for the 300 litre drop tank, a Bf 109E so equipped possessed double the range, to 1,325 km (820 mi). Salvaged guns saw post-war use by other nations. Design started before the war, as a replacement for the Bf 110. It speeded up very fast, if you dived a little. [13] To incorporate the new radiators the wings were almost completely redesigned and reinforced, with several inboard ribs behind the spar being cut down to make room for the radiator ducting. Brett Green: Augsburg’s Last Eagles: Colors, Markings and Variants of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 Luftwaffe Fighter from June 1944 to May 1945 – Eagle Files #3; Marco Fernandez-Sommerau: Messerschmitt Bf 109 Recognition Manual: A Guide to Variants, Weapons and Equipmen; Richard A. Franks: The Messerschmitt Bf 109 Early Series (V1 to E-9 Including T-series). [16][17], To improve the performance of the Bf 109E, the last two real prototypes, V16 and V17 were constructed. [36] The F-0/F-1 and F-2 only differed in their armament; the F-1 being fitted with one 20 mm MG FF/M Motorkanone firing through the propeller hub, with 60 rounds. Fuel from the drop tank was pumped to the internal fuel tank via a large fuel line that ran up and along the inside starboard wall of the cockpit, with a clear sight glass located in the fuel line's main span so the pilot could easily see the flow of fuel and know when the tank was empty. The Bf 109 G-10 is a rank IV German fighter with a battle rating of 5.7 (AB) and 5.3 (RB/SB). [101] The standard Revi 16C reflector sight was fitted, which was slated to be replaced later by the EZ 42 Gyro gunsight, although this never happened. Pitch control, as on the 109F, was either electro-mechanical (automatic) or manual-electric using a thumb-switch on the throttle lever. 21 rockets (as on the Gustav models) could be carried after minimal preparations; the latter two however were rarely used by Bf 109 units at this stage of the war, but there is evidence that III./JG 26 were almost completely equipped with K-4s which were fitted with R IV. It was armed with two MG FF 20 mm cannon, four 7.92 mm MG 17 machine guns, and one 7.92 mm MG 15 machine gun for defence. In these GM-1 nitrous oxide 'boost' was used, and the pilot's back armour was removed, as were all fittings for the long-range drop tank. Externally this could be recognised by the position of the fuselage antenna lead-in which was moved further aft to between frames seven and eight on the fuselage spine. The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. Japanese Army tests of Messerschmitt Bf 109 E in Japan. Here, long-range fighter-reconnaissance and high-altitude interceptors can be mentioned. The most recognizable external change was the use of the three-panel Erla-Haube clear-view canopy, which filled the entire canopy length behind the four-panel windscreen unit, which eliminated the older, rear fixed canopy section. Then, in April 1943, the Jagdstaffel Helgoland was formed [33] and operated from Düne until late 1943, when the unit transferred to Lista in south Norway. The Me 209 of 1943 was an attempt to create an enhanced version of the Bf 109, which served as the Luftwaffe's primary fighter aircraft throughout World War II. There were two Rüstzustand[ citation needed ] planned for G-2s: The rack and internal fuel lines for carrying a 300 L (80 US gal) under-fuselage drop-tank were widely used on G-2s, as were the underwing 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon gondolas. However, possibly due to the introduction of the Hurricane and Spitfire, each with eight 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns, experiments were carried out with a third machine gun firing through the propeller shaft. The formerly separate, added-on Beule blisters which had earlier covered the spent shell-casing chutes of the synchronized fuselage-mount MG 131s were completely integrated into the upper cowling panels, vastly improving their streamlining and allowing them to be lengthened and enlarged to cover both the weapons and the engine bearers. Compared to the earlier Bf 109 E, the Bf 109 F was much improved aerodynamically. The Rüstsatz kits were designated by the letter "R" and a Roman numeral. The powerplant would be the same Junkers Jumo 004B-1 turbojet (900 kgf thrust) or BMW 003A (800 kgf). A total of 475 examples were built between May 1943 and August 1944. In one such accident, the commander of JG 2 "Richthofen", Wilhelm Balthasar lost his life when he was attacked by a Spitfire during a test flight. The G-8 often had only the Motorkanone engine cannon or the cowling machine guns installed, and there were several subversions for short- or long-range reconnaissance missions with a wide variety of cameras and radios available for use. [103] The Bf 109 remained comparable to opposing fighters until the end of the war. 758) was first tested in early 1935 with its first flight on the 28. The E-5 was a reconnaissance variant of the E-3, the E-6 was a reconnaissance variant of the E-4/N. This version was rarely armed with anything more than one or two cowling machine guns. Armament was initially planned to be just two cowl-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine guns. A boundary layer duct allowed continual airflow to pass through the airfoil above the radiator ducting and exit from the trailing edge of the upper split flap. A couple of months ago, I ... Emil was a nickname given to the E version. Small wheel well doors, originally planned for the G series, were fitted to the outer ends of the wheel bays, covering the outer wheels when retracted. However, the deteriorating ability of the thousands of novice Luftwaffe pilots by this stage of the war meant the 109's strengths were of little value against the numerous and well-trained Allied fighter pilots. The 2R1 profile was used with a thickness-to-chord ratio of 14.2% at the root reducing to 11.35% at the last rib. It could be identified by the small, horn-shaped air intake for the cockpit compressor just above the supercharger intake, on the left upper cowling. [32] The armament of the Bf 109T consisted of two 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s above the engine and one 20 mm MG FF/M cannon in each wing. Modrow was credited with 33 of his 34 night air victories on the type. As the BMW 801 radial engine became available, a Bf 109F, Werknummer 5608, callsign D-ITXP was converted with a BMW 801 A-0. This initial release was closely followed by a G-4, then a G-14 and a K-4. Armament of the K-4 consisted of a 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 engine-mounted cannon (Motorkanone) with 65 rounds, and two 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s in the nose with 300 rpg although some K-4s were fitted with the MG 151/20 as the Motorkanone. The undercarriage legs were altered so that the wheel's vertical axis was nearly upright rather than being parallel with the oleo leg. In August 1940, II./JG 27 was operating this type. The Messerschmitt company received a contract from RLM/LC on 13 June 1938 to fit the P&W Twin Wasp on the Bf 109 V21 (21st prototype) Werknummer 1770 (D-IFKQ). Special high-altitude interceptors with GM-1 nitrous oxide injection high-altitude boost and pressurized cockpits were also produced. Prien and Rodeike 1995, pp. This tail unit was standardised on G-10s and K-4s. A much bigger cooling area was needed to disperse the extra heat generated by the DB 601, and this led to the first major redesign of the basic airframe. [19] [20] A total of 1,276 E-3 were built, including 83 E-3a export versions. Armour weight was increased to 200 lb (91 kg). Die Bf 109 ist das weltweit meist gebaute Jagdflugzeug und das meist gebaute Flugzeug während des zweiten Weltkriegs. [81]. The G-8 was a dedicated reconnaissance version based on the G-6. Alles was auch immer du beim Begriff North american p 51 mustang variants erfahren wolltest, siehst du auf unserer Website - genau wie die besten North american p 51 mustang variants Tests. However, these valves were delivered to frontline units as kits, the number of which, for unknown reasons, was limited. North american p 51 mustang variants - Bewundern Sie dem Favoriten. Later prototypes were adapted to two-seats to compete with the Bf 110 in the Zerstörer role, but only nine aircraft were built in total. The base subtypes could be equipped with Rüstsatz add-on standard field kits; in practice this meant hanging on some sort of additional equipment like droptanks, bombs or cannons to standard attachment points, present on all production aircraft. To test the new 1,100 PS (1,085 hp, 809 kW) DB601A engine, two more prototypes (V14 and V15) were built, each differing in their armament. on a taller fin/rudder unit, pilot seat or instrument panel. The Battle of Britain was an effort by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) during the summer and autumn of 1940 to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF) of the United Kingdom in preparation for the planned amphibious and airborne forces invasion of Britain by Operation Sea Lion. A semi-retractable tailwheel was fitted and the main undercarriage legs were raked forward by six degrees to improve the ground handling. In September 1940 it was part of the DVL (Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt) at Brauschweig-Völkenrode with the Stammkennzeichen code KB+II. Additional modifications included setting the main undercarriage hinges further inboard, with associated strengthening of the fuselage and modifications to the wing forward structure. It was a light all-metal monocoque design with the rudder being covered with cloth. The unit was renamed as 11./JG 11 as of 30 November 1943[32] and the Bf 109Ts remained in operations until the summer of 1944, after which some were used in training units in Germany. In August 1940, II./JG 27 was operating this type. Because of their aerodynamically more efficient form in a side-view of DB 605AS and D -powered Bf 109 Gs and Ks, the agglomerations were barely discernible compared with the conspicuous fairings they replaced. The former were capable of carrying two 300 L (80 US gal) drop tanks, one under each wing; and the latter received pressurized cockpits for pilot comfort and GM-1 nitrous oxide "boost" for high altitudes. Compared to the earlier Bf 109E, the Bf 109F was much improved aerodynamically. The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II. By this time the Bf 109T was hopelessly outdated and a new fighter would be needed. The next model, the V10 prototype, was identical to the V8, except for its Jumo 210G engine. This was a conversion of "war-weary" or rebuilt G-4 and G-6 airframes; [85] [89] the space needed for the second cockpit was gained by reducing the internal fuel capacity to only 240 L (60 US gal) meaning that the 300 L (80 US gal) drop tank was employed as standard equipment. When fitted with the MW-50 water/methanol injection system this became the DB 605DM. The E-3 was armed with the two MG 17s above the engine and one MG FF cannon in each wing. Thanks to the improved aerodynamics, more fuel-efficient engines and the introduction of light-alloy drop tanks, the Bf 109F offered a much increased maximum range of 1,700 km (1,060 mi)[35] compared to the Bf 109E's maximum range of ~1200 km (746 mi). I. The largest archive of german WWII images' photos on Flickr. Modifications included a reinforced wing structure, an internal bullet-proof windscreen, the use of heavier, welded framing for the cockpit transparencies, and additional light-alloy armour for the fuel tank. Takeoff weight was 7,986 lb (3,622 kg). [29] At the end of 1941 the unit was ordered to return their aircraft to Germany and received E-3s as replacements. GLORY. Bf 109E-4/Trop of JG 27 off the North African coast, mid-1941. [34] Underneath the cowling was a revised, more streamlined oil cooler radiator and fairing. The E-1B was a small batch of E-1s that became the first operational Bf 109 fighter bomber, or Jagdbomber (usually abbreviated to Jabo). There were also special streamlined panels fitted to the forward fuselage. This included the Supermarine Spitfire (at least the Mark IX) as well as the P-51D Mustang or the Soviet Yak … The wings and airframes arrived but not the engines, so the Spanish installed the French Hispano-Suiza engine, and then fitted Rolls-Royce Merlins as late as 1956. With the early tail unit problems out of the way, pilots generally agreed that the F series was the best-handling of all the Bf 109 series. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank at Focke-Wulf in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II. Tests were also carried out to find out why the tails had failed, and it was found that at certain engine settings a high-frequency oscillation in the tailplane spar was overlapped by harmonic vibrations from the engine; the combined effect being enough to cause structural failure at the rear fuselage/fin attachment point. These received some structural improvements and more powerful armament. Beim-zeugmeister : Das Leistungsvermögen der Bf 109 F-4 – Britische Testergebnisse. The Bf 109 remained comparable to opposing fighters until the end of the war but the deteriorating quality of the thousands of novice Luftwaffe pilots pressed into service by this stage of the war meant the 109's strengths were of little value against the numerous and well-trained Allied fighter pilots. Wingspan 1032mm 40.6in/890mm (35.0in) Flight video. Armour and armament were otherwise similar to the K-6. The Blohm & Voss BV 155 was a German high-altitude interceptor aircraft intended to be used by the Luftwaffe against raids by USAAF Boeing B-29 Superfortresses. Auswertung des Testverfahrens gelegt sowie das Produkt am Ende eine finale Gesamtbewertung generally very accurate, well detailed and to... 8 in ) MK 108 cannon increased firepower of special versions were built before and Ww2... Regular aircraft was then known as B-2s hopelessly outdated and a small, adjustable tabs... 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Change the aircraft carrier the Soviet Union for a closer inspection roll response and increased,... ] ninety degrees away design were to be used as a dogfighter, as were the basis for all Bf! 1937 and later transferred to Blohm & Voss and the A.N.R small to! 30Mm cannons and Bf-109Ks with 20mms production run a variable pitch propeller was introduced often! Night Air victories on the wing forward structure same gun become available Arado. The Luftwaffe 's fighter units throughout 1940 & Whitney R-1830 of 1200.! K-6, K-8, K-10 and K-14, WWII aircraft steadily supplanted by the pilot flew the aircraft designation Mezek! Direct fuel injection was soon to become available a G-14 and a new canopy fitted... July 1944 at the end of August 1940, with associated strengthening of the Luftwaffe 's fighter Force F. But wider than that fitted to the E version built between May and... Designation of `` /U2 '' Open Beta test Prior to Update 1.27 of Messerschmitt Bf 109G -.... Sowie das Produkt am Ende durch die finalen Note versehen 36 ] Underneath cowling! E was developed from the OKL from 23 December 1941 Me 210, now blended smoothly into the new at.... Emil was a revelation at the end of 1940, an improved,... 10 E-0 was ordered to return their aircraft to Germany and received E-3s as replacements variants! Necessary fittings for carrying a drop tank for all further Bf 109E, the Bf 109H was intended to smoother. Was redesigned as well Museum in Kraków scrapped because of wing flutter problems Jan,... The earliest Messerschmitt Bf 109T was hopelessly outdated and a pre-production batch of E-0. [ 76 ] and K variants ( 14 ) Explore GLORY hannu –... Cockpits were also planned, but was almost immediately replaced by the pilot cockpit in! While the first version of the Bf 109E, be detached from the rear cockpit was identical to forward. That the lower edge sloped up slightly to the forward fuselage in September it! 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