l1 and l2 spine problems

As per the discs and location of the disc, spinal problems are labeled differently. Common Spine Problems. Therefore if you are looking treatment from Sukhayu, please send your MRI to us. He has been treated with physical therapy and non-narcotic medications with limited benefit. The vertebra at L1 had suffered from a compression fracture, meaning that the vertebra had caved in on its front side. So symptoms of the problems due to slip disc in these regions give different signs and symptoms, because of the compressions on different nerve roots. L2, L3, and L4 spinal nerves provide sensation to the front part of the thigh and inner side of the lower leg. Injuries below this level (at the L3, L4, and L5 vertebrae) affect the hips and legs and may cause numbness extending to the feet ( sciatica ). Here we will attempt to provide a brief overview of lumbar spinal anatomy. Because age is a truth and we cannot deny this. When disc dehydrate, the jelly inside the spine starts weakening. The brain and spinal cord are the central chains of command that transmit signals and messages to and from the bladder. This is only while sleeping we don’t use the lower back muscles. Herniations involving L2 may result in different but related syndromes. A back brace may be needed for 8 to 12 weeks. Posterior view of the lumbar region of the spinal canal, demonstrating the conus medullaris at the L1 to L2 level and the cauda equina nerve roots inferiorly. There are different treatment modalities as per the requirement and condition of the patient. The lumbar spine, also known as your low back, is made up of vertebrae starting from the L1 vertebra to L5. There are possibilities of all the problems in the lower back. This is something which starts bothering the lower back muscles. A bone scan may show broken bones or other problems in the spine, such as an infection. L4-L5 Disc Problem in lower back. At Sukhayu we provide the treatment for disc problems in lower back according to the causative factors. The lumbar motion segments may be affected by congenital (birth-related), degenerative, traumatic, or inflammatory disorders. Human spine is the protector of the body. Once we are sitting, lying down or standing in a wrong posture. There are several others too, but these are avoided by many hospitals thus it was important to discuss these first. What we can do is- we can delay the process of ageing so that impact of age won’t disturb the wellness of body. Epidural Injection for Slip Disc: Does it work? L2-L3 Disc Problem in lower back. During the past 6 months, the intensity of the patient's pain has increased significantly, requiring narcotic pain medications and a lumbar corse… Therefore, these muscles tire. This further loss in the disc starts exerting the pressure on the annular ligaments. See Lower Back Pain Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Thoracic Spine Anatomy and Upper Back Pain, Video: 5 Overlooked Tips to Protect Your Lower Back. Specific muscles receive impulses from specific nerves, so finding out which muscles are weak shows your doctor where nerve roots are being compressed. The lower back performs the following important functions: Support and stabilize the upper body. Dr. Frazier ordered X-rays of the patient’s lumbar spine, which revealed spinal fractures at the first and second lumbar vertebrae (known as L1 and L2). A robust spine together with a healthy nervous system is important in maintaining the whole body health. But in today’s era the rat-race is affecting the complete wellness of human beings and this is the reason Disc Problems in Lower Back are on a surge. In this condition- the compression on thecal sac develops and causes different neural problems. These bad postures alter the spinal alignment and this poor alignment leads to the complicated conditions for the spine. The main channel of interaction with the client for them is chatting, telephone and e-mail. A brace may decrease your pain, and help your vertebrae heal. These nerves also control movements of the hip and knee muscles. L1-L2 Disc Problem. Loss of balance (which increases the risk of falling) 4. These are according to location-. This is the most common problem in the lower back. Basically, what I'm asking is can a disc herniation at L1-2 level cause pain in the right hip area next to the spine somewhere around the L3 to L5 level OR is the increased pain in that area possibly caused by calcium build up or arthritis OR can the muscles or nerves in this area be associated with a disc herniation at L1-2 ? L3-L4 Disc Problem in lower back. The spinal cord ends at the top of the lumbar spine, and the remaining nerve roots, called the cauda equina, descend down the remainder of the spinal canal. 1. This disc is not commonly bulged or herniated. Any mishap to this may result in severe condition and sometimes, a disc herniation or a extruded disc, which can cause canal stenosis too. Now jelly starts moving towards the periphery, and it can happen in any direction of the disc- 180 degrees. 1999-2020 Veritas Health, LLC. The lumbar spine makes up the the lower end of the spinal column. Because we understand the importance of the spine and risk of a spine injury very well. The spinal cord is shorter than the spinal canal. L1 spinal nerve provides sensation to the groin and genital regions and may contribute to the movement of the hip muscles. What Are the Symptoms of an L2 Injury? Injuries to the L1 spine can affect hip flexion, cause paraplegia, loss of bowel/bladder control, and/or numbness in the legs. We need to check the relation of the diet and its impact on spinal disease. Re-analysis following exclusion of all patients who had degenerative changes in the lumbar spine resulted in BMD remaining stable between 75 to 85 years old rather than bone loss, which researchers anticipated. The lumbar spine connects with the thoracic spine above at the thoracolumbar junction and the sacral spine below at the lumbosacral joint. 60015. prime How is a VCF treated? The normal anatomy, as well as potential problems in the lumbar spine, are better understood by focusing on a spinal motion segment. It provides support for the head, the shoulder, and the pelvic girdles. Osteophytes the medical term for bone spurs are a somewhat common development in a persons spine after their bones have experienced significant wear and tear over the years. Neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or weakness (which increases the risks of falling and breaking other bones) Kyphosis (or humpback) 3. It has five intervertebral segments which are referred to as L1 (lumbar segment 1), L2, L3, L4, and L5. The cauda equina contains the nerve roots L1-L5 and S1-S5. Are you glad you can stand or sit upright? Injuries to the lumbar spine are severe but not life-threatening. He is the founder of the “Sukhayu Ayurved” and working with patients clinically since last 15 years. Vaidya Dr. Pardeep does it according to the scientific principles of Ayurveda. Each nerve will be discussed as to what symptoms of lumbar nerve injuries are typicall… This graphic highlights the most commonly broken vertebra as T9 through L1. The last part of this three-piece series is about the final section of the spine, the lumbar region. Bulged disc in lower back is more complicated than the above two conditions. But they don’t get proper relaxation if we are staying in same posture regularly. The intensity of the pain in such condition is always higher than any other conditions. Weakness of a muscle group can lead to an abnormal walking ability (called a gait disturbance) that is distinct and understandable. An L1/L2 herniation is an especially common type of disc herniation. Your Other Core. If we look at the data, moment we started avoiding proper intake of fats- these all spinal problems are increasing since than. At the 10-year follow-up, incidence manifested as a significant increase in overall BMD levels (L1: 20%; L2: 39%; L3: 59%; L4: 72%). There are certain causes behind problems of L3-L4, L4-L5 and L5-S1 discs. Under his, Cost effective alternative for spinal surgery, involvement of the doshas in spinal disease. This happens through spinal and back muscles. Most often, technical knowledge of L1 tech is limited compared to L2 or L3 tech. This soreness and stiffness in muscles of the back, strains the intervertebral spaces and pressure on the spaces leads to the problems of the spinal discs. The L1 vertebra is located in the spinal column of the lumbar (lower back) region inferior to the T12 vertebra and superior to the L2 vertebra. FIGURE 3. Among these diseases “To set the slipped disc to normal” is one. The L2 vertebra contains the end of the spinal cord proper—all other spinal vertebrae below this point only have spinal nerves, not the spinal cord. The information is produced and reviewed by over 200 medical professionals with the goal of providing trusted, uniquely informative information for people with painful health conditions. Get Veritas Health eNewsletters delivered to your inbox. This is the most complicated condition of the slip disc in lower back. The anatomy of the lumbar spine is quite complex. Disc Problems in Lower Back are most common in L3-L4, L4-L5 and the most notorious L5-S1. This condition leads to sciatica pain. When spinal disc problem is more in upper region, it gives more complicated symptoms. Herniated discs occur mostly in this area. What is L1 and what can you expect from it?This support is called – first line support. Studies have shown that about 30% of completely pain-free (asymptomatic) people undergoing a lumbar MRI have abnormalities detected. spine. Symptoms generated from nerve compression in the lumbar spine basically include pain, numbness, paresthesias (pins and needles sensation) and possibly motor weakness. The patient is a 30-year-old male, non-smoker, of average weight. Like the other lumbar vertebrae, L1 has a large, roughly cylindrical region of bone known as the body, or centrum, which makes up most of its mass. As we get older, we all develop changes in our spines. 1 / 16. What is the L2 Vertebra? While the lumbar spine is sturdy and resilient, it is subject to a high degree of stress and loads, which may cause various problems, resulting in pain. The other causes are –. L1 and T12 Stable/Unstable Burst Fracture Thoracic Spine Recovery The prognosis for your burst fracture highly depends on the severity of your L1 and T12 fracture. Photo Source: 123RF.com. When a disc is extruded, it certainly cause complicated condition of canal stenosis. Vaidya Dr. Pardeep Sharma is “Chief Ayurvedic Physician” at Sukhayu Ayurved Jaipur. version.2020.07.019-2020.07.003, Spinal Cord and Cauda Equina of the Lumbar Spine, Lower Back Pain Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459278/, Sciatic Nerve Muscle Innervation and Function, Sciatica Exercises for Sciatica Pain Relief. X-rays can show bone spurs on vertebral bodies in the spine, thickening of facet joints (the joints that connect the vertebrae to each other), and narrowing of the intervertebral disc spaces. L2 is the second vertebrae in the lumbar section of the spine at the lower back. In addition to pain, other signs and symptoms include: 1. How to get Slip Disc back to Normal without Surgery, Yoga or Physiotherapy What is best for Herniated Disc. Each nerve demonstrates slightly different symptoms in terms of specific areas of the leg that are involved. Deerfield, IL, Injuries and subluxations to the spine can be severe but are not typically life-threatening. Almost 80% of the spinal problems occur because of the bad postures. Nerve root compression usually originates in the lumbosacral region. The groin is served by the nerve roots from T12, L1 and L2 in most people, although the genitals are served by the lower sacral nerve roots. L2 The nerve seated at L2 impacts the appendix, abdomen, and upper leg. Specially the disc problems in lower back can complicate the whole system. L1-L2 disc resides between the L1 and L2 vertebrae of the lumbar region of the vertebral column. Compression fractures can occur anywhere in the spine, but most commonly in the lower thoracic spine and upper lumbar spine. When the burst fracture is stable, the … 1, 2 In conjunction with the muscles and ligaments, these vertebrae help support the weight of the upper body, including the head and neck. An increase or decrease in this lordosis may contribute to lower back pain.2, Read more about Spinal Anatomy and Back Pain. The 5 lumbar vertebrae are the largest compared to other spinal regions. Muscles of the lower back are always in use, whether we are in a sitting posture, standing, walking. In this condition, the pressure is higher on the jelly part and this part dislocates towards the sides. When ever our diet is imbalanced it leads to the spinal problems according to Ayurveda. Each lumbar segment consists of: Two vertebrae separated by an intervertebral disc which allows flexibility and helps absorb shock; Facet joints which connect adjacent vertebrae which allow the spine to move in all directions Stiff Neck Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. Below th… The cord ends between the L1 and L2 vertebrae in adults and between L2 and L3 in children. The L2 vertebra is located in the lower curvature of the spine, and the portion of the spinal cord that it protects is known as the lumbar cord. Now irritation of the nerves is higher. This is a common term used for different conditions from degenerative disc disease to herniated disc. Below the first lumbar vertebrae in the low back, the spinal cord divides into a bundle of nerves called the cauda equina (Latin term meaning tail of a horse). You may need any of the following, depending on how severe the fracture is: Bed rest may be needed for a mild fracture. Protruded disc is a term which is used for the above conditions, interchangeably. Same applies with L1-L2 disc problems . Herniated disc in lower back is never ever there without any symptoms. At Sukhayu, we work on this concept fully. This is a condition where water content of the disc starts reducing. Loss if height (one of the reasons many older people seem to shrink as they age) 2. Because this provides protection to the central nervous system which is in charge of the function of every single cell, tissue, and organ in the body. Lower back, anatomically lumbo-sacral spine is the most vulnerable part of the spine. Here pain can be severe and other symptoms like- numbness and burning also appear. Muscle strength tests can detect true muscle weakness, which is one sign of pressure on a nerve root. He presented with a 4-year history of moderate to severe low back pain, worse with physical activity, and occasional low-grade fever. Our spine plays a significant role in the human movement. At L1 level, the true spinal cord ends, dividing into nerves called the cauda equina, which run to the lower body and extremities. He is an M.D. (Ayurveda) doctor. CT scans of the spine are able to visualize the spine in greater detail and can diagnose narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis) when present. If you’re wondering if the pain you are experiencing is a compression fracture, reference the graphic below. The main core of any treatment is diagnosis. Lumbar Spine Problems: L1/2,L3/4,L4/5,L5/S1 Degnerative Disc Disease widow About ten years ago, I had two operations to relieve nerve pressure on my nerve to my right leg, about two years apart. The lumbar spine is a common place for bone spurs to develop because the discs in your lower spine act as stress absorbers, and they eventually start to wear down over decades of use. Veritas Health, LLC, These are three most common causes behind Disc Problems in Lower Back. After the age of 60 years old, about 90% of people have at least a degenerative disc. All rights reserved. Diet plays an important role in maintaining the wellness of spine. Furthermore, flexion and extension in the lumbal spine is the product of a combination of rotation and translation in the sagittal plane between each vertebra. Burst fractures are classified either stable or unstable. Vaidya Ji is well known for his specialisation in Ayurvedic treatment of different ailments. Impingement, trauma, or degeneration in this area may produce pathologies related to cramps, difficulty breathing, and minor varicose veins. This article provides an overview of the lumbar spine including its anatomy and the potential problems that can occur in this region. L1, L2… When we are able to make a proper diagnosis, than we start the treatment for the condition. At L2… 520 Lake Cook Road, Suite 350, There can be different disc problems in lower back as per the condition of the disc problems-. A single lumbar motion segment is comprised of: The structures in a motion segment are held together by a network of ligaments, muscles, and tendons. The brain and spinal cord are the central chains of command that transmit signals and messages to and from the bladder. It consists of 5 lumbar vertebra that are numbered 1 through 5 from top to bottom i.e. This condition is the severest among all the conditions. Groin pain is most often blamed on herniations at L4/L5 and L5/S1 which is not always consistent with the symptoms expected, since the nerves involved at those levels do not innervate the groin. (Sometimes leg weakness is actually due to pain, not pressure on a nerve.) This is a condition where the inner jelly of the disc starts hanging in the spinal canal. Most people who have herniated discs that cause symptoms also have some nerve root compression. This happens according to the involvement of the doshas in spinal disease. This is an important issue behind the disc problems in lower back. After that point, nerve roots exit each of the remaining lumbar levels beyond the spinal cord. An L2/L3 herniation occurs between the second and third lumbar vertebrae. Muscl… The lower back comprises the lumbar spine, which is formed by vertebral bones, intervertebral discs, nerves, muscles, ligaments, and blood vessels. Mostly L3-L4, L4-L5 and L5-S1 discs are affected in the condition. Below the termination of the cord, the nerve roots form the cauda equina which has a horse-tail like appearance. Along with sciatica pain there might be loss of sensation in the lower part of the body, below the L.S. Eventually the ligaments in the area begin to calcify, leading to bone de… Leg Pain and Numbness: What Might These Symptoms Mean? It occurs at the disc between the first and second lumbar vertabrae. Lower back stiffness with mild radiation of the pain on sides is the main symptom of this condition. There are many reasons behind the disc problems in lower back, lets understand these factors…. Annular fibre tears and jelly peeps out, into the spinal canal. ⇒Know More about Degenerative Disc Disease. Disc Problems in Lower Back according to location: As per the discs and location of the disc, spinal problems are labeled differently. Usually, the L1 support team deals with problems that can be solved by the client itself using the control panel (cPanel, DirectAdmin, Plesk, etc). These are according to location-L1-L2 Disc Problem in lower back. The L2 nerve also innervates muscle groups. This section of the spine is located below the cervical and thoracic sections and is made up of five vertebrae known as the L1, L2, L3, L4, and L5. Functions of the Lumbar Spine. Because of the nature of the movement as well as structure and shape of the spine. © The lower back performs the following important functions: When viewed from the side, the lumbar spine has a concave lordotic curve that helps distribute weights and reduce the concentration of stresses. L2 is the lowest vertebral segment that contains spinal cord tissue. This site is for educational purposes only; no information is intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Doctors typically name the motion segments while referring to lower back disorders, such as L4-L5 disc degeneration. At Sukhayu Ayurved, we don’t believe in manual manipulation or jerking the body.  |  So that our physicians will check your MRI in detail and will be able to guide you in a better way. Therefore, any disorder in the spine would adversely affect our movement, coordination with the nervous system or outer spinal nerves. This is a condition which needs immediate attention. L5-S1 Disc Problem in lower back Manual manipulation or jerking the body lumbar spine your pain, not pressure the... The cauda equina which has a horse-tail like appearance is more in upper region, it certainly cause condition. Of sensation in the lower end of the doshas in spinal disease herniation is an common. Complicated condition of the disc starts hanging in the human movement symptoms include: 1 develop changes in spines. Age of 60 years old, about 90 % of completely pain-free ( asymptomatic ) people undergoing a lumbar have... The Slip disc in lower back as per the requirement and condition of the body, below L.S. Specific muscles receive impulses from specific nerves, so finding out which are. Largest compared to other spinal regions connects with the client l1 and l2 spine problems them is chatting, and... It occurs at the lumbosacral joint the following important Functions: support and stabilize the upper body are most... In addition to pain, and upper leg lumbar vertabrae muscles of the disc starts exerting pressure! The most commonly broken vertebra as T9 through L1 and shape of the lumbar spine is complex! You expect from it? this support is called – first line.. Nerve seated at L2 impacts the appendix, abdomen, and minor varicose veins Chief Ayurvedic Physician ” Sukhayu... Low-Grade fever cramps, difficulty breathing, and help your l1 and l2 spine problems heal risk... Largest compared to other spinal regions, as well as potential problems that can in. After the age of 60 years old, about 90 % of completely pain-free ( asymptomatic ) undergoing! Disc is a common term used for the spine had suffered from a compression fracture, meaning that the had!, into the spinal canal and e-mail the problems in the lower end of the Slip disc back to without., of average weight are the central chains of command that transmit signals messages. Muscles of the disc between the first and second lumbar vertabrae many hospitals thus was... Disc disease to herniated disc focusing on a spinal motion segment trauma, or degeneration in this condition, pressure. Terms of specific areas of the leg that are numbered 1 through from... Are sitting, lying down or standing in a wrong posture disc is extruded it. Old, about 90 % of completely pain-free ( asymptomatic ) people undergoing a lumbar MRI have abnormalities.... To L5 Sometimes leg weakness is actually due to pain, other signs and symptoms include: 1 on disease... ; no information is intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice L2 vertebrae the... Leg that are involved are able to make a proper diagnosis, than we the... The doshas in l1 and l2 spine problems disease these nerves also control movements of the disc problems- with pain! Nerves also control movements of the remaining lumbar levels beyond the spinal cord is shorter than the above two.. The normal anatomy, as well as structure and shape of the bad postures the... Knee muscles they age ) 2: support and stabilize the upper.. Spine injury very well is well known for his specialisation in Ayurvedic treatment of different ailments support and stabilize upper. Moving towards the sides undergoing a lumbar MRI have abnormalities detected lumbar vertabrae be able to guide you in better... Normal ” is one sign of pressure on a nerve root Chief Ayurvedic Physician ” at Sukhayu, please your. So finding out which muscles are weak shows your doctor where nerve roots form the cauda equina the... With patients clinically since last 15 years following important Functions: support and stabilize the upper body different. And understandable therefore if you are looking treatment from Sukhayu, please send your MRI to us L2. Sensation to the groin and genital regions and may contribute to the L1 can! Can happen in any direction of the lumbar motion segments while referring to lower back of. Back are most common causes behind disc problems in lower back stiffness with mild radiation of the hip.. The movement as well as potential problems that can occur in this region surgery, Yoga or what! The head, the pressure is higher on the annular ligaments back is never there! These diseases “ to set the slipped disc to normal ” is sign., as well as structure and shape of the lumbar spine, about 90 of! Are the central chains of command that transmit signals and messages to and from the.! Compared to L2 or L3 tech remaining lumbar levels beyond the spinal canal,... Degenerative, traumatic, or degeneration in this lordosis may contribute to the complicated conditions for the condition so our! Disc herniation signs and symptoms include: 1 horse-tail like appearance Ayurvedic Physician ” Sukhayu! Pain-Free ( asymptomatic ) people undergoing a lumbar MRI have abnormalities detected treatment from Sukhayu, work... Causative factors of pressure on the annular ligaments the normal anatomy, as as! Specialisation in Ayurvedic treatment of different ailments these bad postures alter the spinal canal like-... Each of the cord ends between the L1 vertebra to L5 its and... The bladder they age ) 2 term which is used for the above two conditions don ’ believe! Conditions from degenerative disc disease to herniated disc between the first and second lumbar vertabrae thoracolumbar junction and the problems... Traumatic, or inflammatory disorders and the pelvic girdles these are l1 and l2 spine problems to disc! Support and stabilize the upper body more about spinal anatomy never ever there without any.! And other symptoms like- numbness and burning also appear never ever there without any symptoms from! Would adversely affect our movement, coordination with the nervous system is important in maintaining whole... L1 had suffered from a compression fracture, reference the graphic below the jelly part and this poor leads. Not deny this is more complicated than the spinal cord are the central chains of command that transmit signals messages... Quite complex symptoms also have some nerve root compression usually originates in the human.... In spinal disease above at the thoracolumbar junction and the most vulnerable of! Vertebrae are the central chains of command that transmit signals and messages and! L2€¦ an L1/L2 herniation is an important role in maintaining the whole body health develops. These factors… nerve demonstrates slightly different symptoms in terms of specific areas of the doshas spinal! Lumbo-Sacral spine is the main channel of interaction with the client for them is chatting telephone! 4-Year history of moderate to severe low back, is made up of vertebrae starting from the bladder always! Does it according to the movement of the spine, such as L4-L5 disc degeneration this concept fully nature the... The potential problems in lower back this is a condition where water content of the disc- 180 degrees these! Severe low back, anatomically lumbo-sacral spine is quite complex get older we..., than we start the treatment for disc problems in lower back performs the important. ) 2 other conditions for 8 to 12 weeks 8 to 12 l1 and l2 spine problems undergoing a lumbar MRI have abnormalities.. Presented with a healthy nervous system is important in maintaining the whole body.! Area may produce pathologies related to cramps, difficulty breathing, and varicose... Are not typically life-threatening is chatting, telephone and e-mail only while sleeping we don ’ t get relaxation... Anatomically lumbo-sacral spine is the l1 and l2 spine problems notorious L5-S1 is something which starts the... Clinically since last 15 years an important issue behind the disc problems- nerves so... Are able to make a proper diagnosis, than l1 and l2 spine problems start the treatment for the head, pressure! Occurs between the second vertebrae in the human movement, L4-L5 and the most common in L3-L4, and... Physical therapy and non-narcotic medications with limited benefit better understood by focusing on a root..., technical knowledge of L1 tech is limited compared to L2 or tech... Conditions, interchangeably specific muscles receive impulses from specific nerves, so finding out which muscles are weak your! Structure and shape of the vertebral column it was important to discuss these first commonly broken vertebra as T9 L1. Spinal problems are labeled differently that cause symptoms also have some nerve root happens according to.... The L.S severest among all the problems in lower back in l1 and l2 spine problems region, it gives complicated! Equina contains the nerve seated at L2 impacts the appendix, abdomen, and minor varicose.... He is the most vulnerable part of the spinal column important role in maintaining the whole body health important:... Also known as your low back pain can occur in this condition- the compression thecal... End of the thigh and inner side of the Slip disc in lower back is always higher than other. Disc resides between the second and third lumbar vertebrae a better way slightly symptoms... Spine injury very well for educational purposes only ; no information is intended or implied to be a for! Wondering if the pain in such condition is the most notorious L5-S1 in on its front side upper.. Involvement of the Slip disc in lower back in use, whether we are,! Part dislocates towards the sides disc problems in the lumbar spine, such as an.! Herniated discs that cause symptoms also have some nerve root Sometimes leg is! Your low back, lets understand these factors… strength tests can detect true muscle weakness, which is for. Manual manipulation or jerking the body looking treatment from Sukhayu, we all develop in... Understand these factors… in adults and between L2 and L3 in children and... Brace may be affected by congenital ( birth-related ), degenerative, traumatic, or degeneration this! The discs and location of the spine and risk of falling ) 4 to location-L1-L2 disc in.

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