Multivariate analysis for risk factors for phlebitis done by Oliveira  showed that KCL infusion and IV antibiotics to be important risk factor which is supported by a study Saini . Data handling: After completion of data collection, and interventional questionnaire and phlebitis grade was checked for completeness and the filled format were handled with care, stored and coded for further analysis. This topic discusses on the main findings of the present study and these are discussed with regards to findings of other relevant studies. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Magnesium Sulphate with Glycerine and Heparinoid Ointment Application on Phlebitis. Table 2. The grading of severity of phlebitis was done based on scores obtained by using VIP scale. Association between socio-demographic variables and severity score (n = 50). Similarly, Cicolini found that thrombophlebitis and catheter size was statistically significant . A Study conducted by Yamber  on 30 ICU patients in Karnataka, reported that application of Glycerin with Magnesium Sulphate is more effective than heparin-benzyl nicotinate (thrombophob) ointment at 0.05 level of significant (t = 2.301) on management of cannula induced thrombophlebitis. Patients who were not willing to participate and were under cytitoxic drugs were excluded in research. But the association was not statistically significant. K. C., A. , Parajuli, P. , Mehta, R. and Mandal, G. (2019) Effectiveness of Magnesium Sulphate with Glycerin Dressing versus Heparinoid Ointment Application on Management of Phlebitis among Patients Admitted in Selected Wards of BPKIHS. Cold application is a simple and inexpensive therapy which is an effective non pharmacological intervention for thrombophlebitis.Applying cold may help • To evaluate the effectiveness of Magnesium sulphate with glycerin dressing versus Heparinoid ointment application on management of peripheral cannula induced phlebitis. A member asked: i have an inflamed sebaceous cyst on my back and am supposed to be out in the woods,what should i do if it starts draining while i'm away? But the association was not statistically significant. The present study shows there is no association between treatment-related variables which included with severity score which include complete interventions scores (8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48 hours) of participants in both experimental groups. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, rank were used to present socio-demographical, health-related, cannula and infusion-related variables. The present study shows that the severity of phlebitis as being as moderate phlebitis 56% among both groups followed by severe 44% and 68% in MSG and HPA groups respectively and 12%, 6% mild phlebitis in MSG and HPA groups respectively. Types of illness, days of hospital stay, cannula insertion site, size of cannula and frequency of insertion shows no statistical significance so both groups are homogenously significant with P-value of (0.05). Patients have VIP score 2 or above were only as study samples. How to use Magnesium Sulphate Before using Magnesium Sulphate Paste, stir the paste well. The average score has been reduced on post-test score in both groups. For use on the skin only. The present study shows there is no association between socio-demographic variables which included age, gender, marital education and educational level with severity score which include after complete interventions scores (8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48 hours) of participants in both experimental groups. Severity of phlebitis based on VIP score of the participants (n = 50). Table 6. However this result did not exactly provide sufficient statistical evidence to prove and validate this result but Marino  showed that the incidence of phlebitis increases significantly after peripheral vein catheters are left in place longer than 72 hours, but the incidence does not change from 72 to 96 hours. Table 8 shows there is no association between the phlebitis severity score of the both groups and demographical variables. Cleanse your face. Phlebitis is the most common complication of intravenous therapy. Specializes in Family Medicine. According to age in years maximum numbers of the participants 30% were from the age group of 46 - 65 years in both MSG as well as HPA group. It is estimated that 150 million peripheral intravenous devices are placed each year in North America alone . Comparision of the effectiveness of magnesium sulphate with glycerine and heparinoid ointment application on phlebitis (n = 50). This finding is supported by study conducted in India where they found that incidence of phlebitis is lower in patients older than 60 years than below 60 years Cicolini  also reported equal numbers of participants 24% were from below 25 years, 46 - 65 and >65 years of age group in MSG group. There was homogenous distribution of age, gender, marital status and education in both experimental groups with significance p-value of 0.663, 0.258, 0.3006 and 0.978 respectively as there was no significant difference of demographic characteristics among both experimental groups (considering a P-value of 0.05). It shows that there is more reduction of VIP score in MSG group. ).Some health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side-effects of the drug. Similarly, majority of participants 72% and 84% in MSG group and HPA group respectively were married. There is a significant difference in effectiveness of magnesium sulphate with glycerin dressing and heparinoid ointment application on phlebitis so the null hypothesis has been rejected at the interval of (P > 0.05). • To find out the association between magnesium sulphate with glycerin dressing and heparinoid ointment application on management of phlebitis with selected socio-demographic variables. Surprisingly 47 years was the mean age of respondents in both groups. Magnesium sulphate is the chemical name for Epsom salts, an inexpensive product added to warm water for soaking, warm, healing, baths. Apply liberally to the affected area and cover with a clean dressing. 1/2 c. Unrefined Shea butter. The reasons for such differences are hard to explain and have no satisfactory explanation for such findings . in Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab among 60 subjects (30 with Heparinoid and 30 with Ichthammol Glycerine applications with matching age, gender and type of disease condition) reported that both the applications were effective in reducing IV induced phlebitis . Moist gauze dressing and glycerin magnesium sulphate dressings are used since years. Similarly, a study on Hospital of Vadodara to evaluate the effectiveness of Magnesium Sulphate with Glycerin dressing on Phlebitis among patients undergoing Peripheral Intravenous Infusion by Ravindra  revealed that magnesium sulphate with glycerin dressing was highly effective to decrease phlebitis level to the patients. Peripheral vascular catheter insertion sites should be monitored at a minimum of each shift using a recognized Visual Infusion Phlebitis (VIP) scale for measuring degrees or severity of phlebitis . Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, College of Nursing, Sanobharyang, Kathmandu, Nepal, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Types of illness, days of hospital stay, cannula insertion site, size of cannula and frequency of insertion shows no statistical significance so both groups are homogenously significant with P-value of (0.05). vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. 25 participants in Group A (application of Magnesium sulphate with glycerin). Informed (verbal and written) consent was taken from each participant. Some of the brands for glycerine + magnesium sulphate might be better known than glycerine + magnesium sulphate itself. However, our data did not provide sufficient statistical evidence to prove and validate the result. Phlebitis is the inflammation of the tunica intima of the vein. It is composed of three carbon atoms, five hydrogen atoms, and three hydroxy or OH groups . Introduction: Intravenous therapy is indicated for many reasons. Glycerin magnesium sulphate can act by the hygroscopic action help in reducing swelling by vasodilation to improve fluid reabsorption. The main ingredient in Epsom salt is magnesium, which is "the second-most abundant element in human cells and the fourth-most important positively charged ion in the body," according to the Epsom Salt Council 1. Some or all pharmacies who provide a home delivery service for medicines might insist on a prescription for glycerine + magnesium sulphate before they complete the sale. Thus for the subjects who receive glycerin magnesium sulphate, the medication was in constant contact with the affected area till the next application. Statistical methods applied: Data were entered in MICROSOFT EXCEL and were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. The average score was reduced on post-treatment score in both groups. Never heard of magnesium sulphate paste so don't know if it can cause trouble or not. The mean VIP score is more in MSG group as compared with that of HPA group. Multiple factors, related to the catheter itself or the solution infused have been associated with this common complication . The result revealed that in group I the mean pre-post treatment score of phlebitis were 3.36 and 0.120 respectively and the pre-test and post-test scores of standard deviation were 0.757 and 0.332 respectively and rank 6.80 and 1.98 respectively. The present study demonstrates that there is a statistically significant difference in VIP score among the participants in magnesium sulphate with glycerin group and heparinoid ointment groups after each intervention (P < 0.05). If swallowed: Talk to a pharmacist or doctor. It would be best to get this clarified while placing the order. groups. 4How to use Stir paste well before use. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. If symptoms do not improve, speak to your doctor or Chemist 4 U pharmacist. It is becoming a common practice in hospitals. Epsom salts are a traditional remedy for muscle and foot aches and are known to have many healing properties. This name was derived from the town of Epsom, which is where the salt was originally distilled. Alternatively, 5-15 ml can be used as an enema. Effectiveness of Magnesium Sulphate with Glycerin and Heparinoid Ointment Application on Phlebitis. Only in some participants palpable venous cord and pyrexia was present in both groups. Out of 100 hospitalized patients at any given time, 7 in developed and 10 in developing countries will acquire at least one health care-associated infection . Download Citation | On Feb 28, 2019, Kondireddy Suhas published COMPARISON BETWEEN DRESSING OF CELLULITIS WITH GLYCERIN AND MAGNESIUM SULFATE VERSUS NORMAL SALINE. Majority of 80% participants days of hospital stay was below 1 week among both MSG and HPA groups out of them 40% and 88% were in MSG group and HPA group respectively the study is inconsistent with the study by Abdul it shows that phlebitis per patient was associated with longer hospital stay . The discussions are depicted on broad headings of: Socio-demographic Characteristics of the Respondents. Remove blackheads. Gently massage your face with the paste mixed with your cleansing cream. This finding of the study is being supported by the study conducted Yamber  on 30 ICU patients in Karnataka, which showed the difference between pre and post score was found to be significant. Adults and children > 6 years: Insert 1 suppository; high in the rectum and retain for 15 minutes. Table 1 shows surprisingly 47 years was the mean age of respondents in both. Efficacy observation of glycerine magnesium sulphate emulsion on the treatment of phlebitis. An equal number of participants were taken having medical and surgical problems. Baseline performa, was used to assess the subjective symptoms and observation scale to observe the objective symptoms. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have glycerine + magnesium sulphate in stock, you can ask for one of the branded alternatives for glycerine + magnesium sulphate. There was homogenous distribution of age, gender, marital status and education in both experimental groups with significance p-value of 0.663, 0.258, 0.3006 and 0.978 respectively. • After every application of intervention the posttest level of phlebitis was assessed by using the VIP scale. Glycerin, also called glycerol, can be used for both cosmetic purposes and as a treatment for medical conditions of the skin. Please be aware that you should take glycerine + magnesium sulphate only if a doctor has recommended or prescribed it. Also do more water changes. Materials and Methods Cannula related factors of the participants (n = 50). • Part II: It consists of information regarding cannula and related factors. 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