In 1451, Bahlul Lodi became the Sultan and founded the Lodi dynasty. In 1,320, Ghazi Malik became the king under the title of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq. Who is the Leader of the Namaz? The ulema were the scholars of Islamic learning who were generally orthodox in their outlook. Q.8. Reign: 1351– 20 September 1388: Predecessor: Muhammad bin Tughluq: Successor: Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughlaq II: Born: 1309: Died: 20 September 1388 (aged 79) Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh: Burial New questions in History. He brought 2 Ashokan Pillars from Meerut, and Topra near Radaur in Yamunanagar district of Haryana, carefully cut and wrapped in silk, to Delhi in bullock cart trains. After Muhammad bin Qasim, Mahmud Ghaznavi and thereafter Muhammad Ghori invaded India and slaughtered and looted it. shivikohli shivikohli Answer: firoz shah tughluq . At a very young age he made… 1320 - 1414 Personalities Firuz Shah Tughlaq was forced by rebellions to concede virtual independence to Bengal and other provinces. B. Jahangir. Three days after the death of his father either in February or March 1325 A.D., prince Jauna Khan alias Ulugh Khan ascended the throne of Delhi and was called Muhammad Bin Tughluq. Some of the ideas implemented by Muhammad-bin-Tughluq were badly planned and hastily executed. Firuz shah is remembered as the only one Sultan to think of material welfare of his people. The Ottoman Empire in India is attributed to Muhammad Ghori. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was a bunch of paradoxes that proved hazardous for not only his own good as well as for the Delhi Sultanate. Muhammad-bin-Tughluq ruled as the Sultan of India from 1325 to 1351. In 1421, Khizr Khan died, hence, his son Mubarrak Khan succeeded. It ends when the Sultan was on his deathbed. In 1323 he appointed his son Muhammad Shah his heir and successor and took a written promise or agreement to the arrangement from the ministers and nobles of the state. For two days it was harassed and plundered by the rebels of Sind and the Mongol mercenaries, who had been hired to help the Sultan’s army against the rebel Taghi. Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. Sayyid dynasty ruled Delhi until 1451. Sikandar Lodi lost control over the Gangetic Valley. The sultan remarked that Khan-i-Jahan (Malik Maqbul) was the real ruler of Delhi. Firuz nominated Tughluq Shah, son of his late eldest son as his successor. Firoz Shah died in1388. Due to widespread unrest, his realm was much smaller than Muhammad's. (a) Ghiyasuddin Tughluq (b) Firuz Shah Tughluq (c) Ibn Battuta (d) None of these. Tughlaq was a fervent Muslim and adopted sharia policies. Firoz Shah Tughlaq was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s son. From the beginning itself, … He tried to stop the practice of Sati. Answer. Question 5. The sudden death of Muhammad bin Tughluq near Tattah threw his leaderless army, already embarrassed by the presence of women and children in the camp, into great confusion and disorder. He led expeditions to against Bengal in 1353 and 1358. Question 5. Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq shah has been the founder of the city called Tughluqabad near Delhi. Houses b. True. who was Suleiman the Magnificent. In 1398, Timur, the Turkish chief invaded India and robbed Indian wealth. The empire was spread and his rule grew. Sultans, Muhammad bin Tughlaq and Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Answer: (b) Firuz Shah Tughluq. He became the Sultan in 1325 CE. He was a brilliant person who had full command over mathematics and medicine. For two days it was harassed and plundered by the rebels of Sind and the Mongol mercenaries, who had been hired to help the Sultan’s army against the rebel Taghi. He increased the salary of the nobles. We know of Firoz Shah Tughlaq in part through his 32-page autobiography, titled Futuhat-e-firozshahi. None of them deserved to be the Sultan of Delhi. In the 37 years long ruling period Firuz Shah complemented himself with his remarkable administrative reforms. a. Ibn Battuta b. Ghiyasuddin Tughluq c. Firuz Shah Tughluq d. None of these. Muhammad succeeded by Ala-ud-din Alam Sham, who ruled till 1451. In September 1388, Firoz died, after which there was a civil war among his descendants. He founded several cities around Delhi, including Jaunpur, Firozpur, Hissar, Firozabad, Fatehabad. As the second sultan of the Tughluq dynasty, he was successful in extending the rule of the Delhi sultanate of northern India over most of … Religion: Islam: Reigned: Ruled Tughluq dynesty from 1325 AD to 1351 AD: Predecessor: Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq: Successor: Firuz Shah Tughluq: Tax Muhammad bin Tughluq was the Turkic Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. The Yamuna Canal was one of his schemes. (a) Urdu (b) Persian (c) Hindi (d) English. The below mentioned article provides a biography of Muhammad Bin Tughluq. A number of madrasas (Islamic religious schools) were opened to encourage the religious education of Muslims. This scheme would have worked, if he had monitored it carefully and allowed strictly only to the government body to issue token coins. Muhammad decided to issue 'token' coins on brass and copper, which could be exchanged for silver coins from the treasury. Muhammad bin Tughluq (1290-1351) was a medieval Indian ruler whose reign saw the beginning of the disintegration of the empire of Delhi. The son and successor of the Turk Ghiyas-ud-din (reigned 1321-1325), the founder of the Tughluq dynasty that replaced Khilji rule in Delhi, Muhammad bin Tughluq displayed an extraordinary capacity for classical learning and military leadership. The Tughluq Empire grew in the true means under Muhammad Bin Tughluq. Who was successor of Muhammad-bin Tughluq? Question 4 of 10. Anyone from the Muslim community can interpret the Qur'an and laws and lead the daily prayers. "The southern states had drifted away from the Sultanate and there were rebellions in Gujarat and Sindh", while "Bengal asserted its independence." Mubarrak Khan represented himself as ‘Muizz-ud-Din Mubarak Shah’ on his coins. They are now known as Qaimkhanis in Rajasthan. Muhammad bin Tughluq. After coming back to Delhi, his son Jauna Khan killed him cleverly in the name of giving guard of honor.  The same was done in the army, where an old soldier could send his son, son-in-law or even his slave in his place. Chandragupta Ma... Ashoka. Firoz Shah Tughlaq: Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the successor of Muhammad bin- Tughlaq. He welcomed not only those families which had been settled in India for long,… In March, 1351, Muhammad died. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans? D. False.Firoz Shah Tughlaq was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s cousin. The name Sunni means "followers of Ali," who was the man the Sunni believe to be Muhammad's rightful successor. In their campaigns, Sultanate armies captured elephants, horses and slaves and carried away precious metals.  When Tughlaq was away on a campaign to Sind and Gujarat for six months and no news was available about his whereabouts Maqbul ably protected Delhi. He built Firoz Shah Palace Complex at Hisar in 1354 CE, over 300 villages and dug five major canals, including the renovation of Prithviraj Chauhan era Western Yamuna Canal, for irrigation bringing more land under cultivation for growing grain and fruit. He made sure that people in his kingdom were happy.However he wasnot a strong military leader and unable to defend the Sultanate against external attacks. Feroz Shah was a caring ruler. While returning back, he appointed Khizr Khan as the governor of Delhi. Answer. Firoz also constructed many educational centers and hospitals. Answer. Question 5. Therefore, Firoz first established a friendly relation with them and made them happy by giving them, grants or revenue.  During his reign, he imposed a series of measures - which he propagated as beneficial for his subjects - that were to devastate economy and society in north India for the next few decades. Khizr Khan had taken Delhi from Daulat Khan Lodi and founded Sayyid dynasty in 1414. During his reign, famine and pestilence became the order of the day. The successor to Muhammad should only come from his inner circle of friends or family members. The successor to Muhammad should only come from his inner circle of friends or family members. His lenient attitude had strengthened the nobles, thus weakening the his position. Kharaj was a type of tax imposed on what? Likewise, the ‘Tughlaq’ dynasty began. Ibn Battutah, the North African Arab traveler, came India during Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s period and he had written the detailed description of the Muhammad’s kingdom. Ibn Battuta b. 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