It places function over form. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The sacred site of Gurdwara Chowa Sahib is showing its splendour outside Kabuli Darwaza (gate) of Rohtas fort on the river bank of River Ghan. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. The prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. The same inscription is also found over the Talaqi gate. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. , In 1825, the Sikh forces of Gurmukh Singh Lamba conquered the fort from the Gakhar chieftain Nur Khan. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. It is divided into 3 equal chambers. The carving is of the word "Allah" in Arabic. Outside the Langar Khani Gate is the tomb of a lady called Khair Un Nisa.  The inscription states that he defeated a "Yavana" army; the "Yavana" here probably refers to a Muslim general. It was built in 1646.The Fort situated in Muzaffarabad the capital city of Kashmir on the bank of Neelum River. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. The roof of the dome like room is like a flower. The outer gate, the entrance of which is from the citadel is 13.3 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep. The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals, with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul.  However, no evidence has been found at Rohtas to confirm this theory. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. As soon as one enters from the outer gate one has to turn right. road past Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the city of Jhelum. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. Search for: After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. Located in Punjab, near the city of Jhelum, the historic Rohtas Fort is a fortress that was built in the 16 th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. The room is about 8 by 8 feet (2.4 by 2.4 m). Taking some rest near Gujrat at the bank of River Chenab. This room has a small domed roof from the inside but no outer dome. Most of the fort parts destroyed during the 2005 earth quake. The stay order is still effective but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has allowed the fort residents to reside there. The outer opening leads to a Langar Khana (Mess or Canteen). The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres.  Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue, and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.. Gurudwara Chowa Sahib is located just outside the fort, near the Talaqi gate. Rohtas Garh is one of the Vast, ancient and glorious fort. The large fort could hold a force of up to 30,000 men.The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. Rohtas Fort is is a historical fort in Jhelum built during the reign of Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri to crush the rebellious local tribes who revolted after Humayun, the Mughal Emperor was ousted by the former. Fatehpur Sikri (India) which is already on the World Heritage List represents the full Mughal realization of a form and style that owes everything to its precursor, Rohtas Fort. This gate faces to the village Gatali Ford (ravine) which is called also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley, thus the name. , The oldest record at Rohtas is a short inscription of "Mahasamanta Shashanka-dava", whom John Faithfull Fleet identified with the Gauda king Shashanka.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites. Langar Khan is a double gate which is 15.25 meters (50.0 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11 feet) wide with a central arched opening. , The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. There are 137 steps. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. Qila Rohtas is situated in a gorge approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum and 7 km from Dina. There is a bastion next to this entrance. Most of the fort is in a very good state of preservation. Derawar Fort. Jhelum is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, in the district of the same name in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Other notable sites nearby include the 16th-century Rohtas Fort, the Tilla Jogian complex of ancient temples, and the 16th-century Grand Trunk Road which passes through the city. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. It is spread in 42Sqkm. Iconoclasts probably destroyed the roof and the main mandap, which housed the sacred lingam. There is no match to his good fortune Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream.  This gate opens into one chamber which opens into another. It is the largest of the gates and was made in 1597 AD. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. C. Soan. This gate is named after one of Sher Shah Suri's greatest general, Khawas Khan Marwat. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine. , The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. On the outer wall of the mosque the "Kalima" is written in beautiful calligraphy on both sides of each arch of the Shahi Mosque. Some Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). The Rohtas Fort has the following 12 gates. In 1621 AD, the Prince Khurram revolted against his father Jahangir and took refuge at Rohtas. The design seems to have been copied from the coins used in that time. Religious Shrine (33 03, 73 45) edit; PTC(pakistan tobbaco company) it is situated in kala gujran approximately 7miles from jhelum city. Rohtas Fort. C. Soan. This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort … The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707, though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. Rohtas Garh, Rohtas District Rohtas is noble place in India. Rohtas Fort is approximately 109 kilometers from Rawalpindi and can be reached from Dina, a busy stop on the Rawalpindi to Lahore road and easily accessible by bus from either place”. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 16:17. This gate is also a double gate. The members of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the Gahadavalas. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. Machicolations are small drains that lead from the inside to the walls outside. In local language it is also said "Chourasan Siddhi" because of its 84 steps. It is approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum, and is near the city of Dina. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. It was completed by Shahu Sultan. According to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri entered the gate and had an attack of fever which proved fatal. It is also present in the guard post in between each gate. It is one of the largest fort in world. Some portions have been built using burnt brick. This Baoli has 148 steps.  F. Kielhorn identified Shri Pratapa (Śrī-Pratāpa) as a member of the Khayaravala dynasty, whose inscriptions have been found at other locations in the Rohtas district. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. Categories Pakistan Study MCQs Post navigation. King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. There is a bastion next to this gate. The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. It is approximately 16 km Northwest of Jhelum and is near the city of Dina. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. The Sohail gate features some of the best masonry work of the Sur Empire, and was likely the ceremonial main entrance to the fort. , The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. The site includes the fort and a number of other buildings, including several … Most of these inscriptions are on the Shahi Mosque. In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". The hall is decorated with etchings of flowers and leaves, and lies on similarly decorated pillars. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji arrived here from Tila Jogian. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. Timur Shah Durrani retook Multan from the Sikhs in 1780 after defeating them at Rohtas, he then secured Bhawalpur and Kashmir. This gate is 15.25 meters high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. Proximity to the Naxalite-affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. Construction work on the Rohtas fort began in about 1541 A.D and was finished 10 years later after Sher Shah’s death. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple.  Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." The Afsharid ruler Nader Shah camped at the fort during his invasion of the Mughal Empire. soldiers walked over the mosque's roof. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. Proximity to the Naxalite -affected areas has rendered the fort quiet inaccessible in recent times. The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. The gates are in grey ashlar masonry. Its central archway is 4.72 metres (15.5 feet) wide, and maintains its shape throughout the gates depth. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda. There are no surviving examples of military architecture of this period on the same scale in the South Asia which survive to the same degree of completeness and conservation. He said the following about its location: This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined. Rohtas Fort was designated a World Heritage Site in 1997, having met the following inclusion criteria: Criterion (ii): "Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. It is a one-storey structure.  The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares, enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. The opening of this gate is L shaped. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. There is a small room at the end of these three chambers. It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 70 hectares. Mangla dam is also located in the city of Jhelum and is … It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep. This resulted in the capture of the Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and his daughter. 3 – This is a wonderful place to have some great photo-shoots. Rohtas Fort Entrances.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. It is 2.13 meter wide. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 Baolis (stepped wells) it could withstand a major siege although it was never besieged.Most of the fort was built with ashlar stones collected from its surrounding villages such as Tarraki village. The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. The inscription is in Persian and is translated as, In the Hijri Year 948 [1541 CE] came the exalted English: Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fort located on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. 5. A small Baoli near the Sar Gate, most likely used by soldiers. Drive on G.T. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. The area of the fort is 3200 canals. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The reason is that they were allies of the Gakhars and consequently needed no troops to maintain their hold over this area. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.. These carvings are found on the gate and in the mosque. Further towards west, some construction must have taken place although there is no written evidence of what it was. It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan River meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. It also had a profound influence on the development of architectural styles in the Mughal Empire (and hence on the European colonial architecture that made abundant use of that tradition). The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. Rohtas Fort is an outstanding example of early Muslim military architecture in the South Asia which incorporates features from elsewhere in the Islamic world. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. https://m.patrika.com/weird-news/story-about-rohtasgarh-fort-bihar-3425910/, Coordinates: 24°37′N 83°55′E / 24.617°N 83.917°E / 24.617; 83.917, For the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDevendrakumar_Rajaram_Patil1963 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort,_India&oldid=983315465, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:58. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. A visit to Rohtas Fort Near Jehlum. The residential quarters of Man Singh were on the first floor, which was connected to the ladies' rooms via a gateway in the east. A sunset pic on river Jhelum. On which river Rohtas Fort was constructed by Sher Shah Suri: January 16, 2019 by Admin. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. This gates name derives from "Talaq" (divorce). The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. Comment. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. Outside the palace grounds are the buildings of Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan's Mausoleum and the Makbara of Shufi Sultan. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here.  the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. The stone walls are almost 12.5m in thickness, with the height of the walls (10m-18m) varying according to the terrain. This is a small entrance seems to be developed by breaking main wall (outer boundary) at latter stage by the locals as a short passage to an adjacent jungle. It derives its name from a local saint named Sohail Bukhari − whose remains are interred in the south-western portion of the gate. The gate has 5 battlements on top, and has stairs leading up to it from the outside. There was peace at the fort for the next 100 years or so, which was at last broken at the time of the First War of Independence in 1857. One of these is about one mile (1.6 km) north of the Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. It has 83 gates and network of many underground place and tunnels. A stupendous achievement in such a short time. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. It has 60 steps and has small chambers that were used as baths by the Royal family. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations. Situated about 32 kms south-west of the town of Sasaram and about the same distance north-west of Rohtasgarh Fort on the bank of the river Sone, it is a natural hill fort sited amidst gorgeous scenery with the top of the rock having a natural rampart well-fortified by a number of bastions and bulwarks. It is pertinent to mention here that when the Gakhars refused their allegiance to Sher Shah Suri, he launched an expedition to punish them. These verses are surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script. In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha/kushwanshi dynasty. These tiles are blue in color. A dilapidated gate with a cupola can be seen there, which is the first of many gates provided for well-guarded entrances to the fort. edit; Rohtas Fort. These tiles were made in Lahore. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. But he was not able to hide at the fort. The outer wall of the mosque is the fortification wall itself. In 1992 the government ordered the locals of Rohtas to leave the inside area of fort and state that the government would construct houses for them outside the fort. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. This is a small entrance like the Tulla Mori Gate. Qila Rohtas or the Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia because it was built essentially for military purpose. Most of the structures named forts in India are actually fortresses  but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature. Rohtas Fort. It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. The same carving is also done on merlons on top of Shahi Mosque. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. 8 ... “The Attock Fort is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of the Indus River. It was subsequently leased to different people and the last person to manage Rohtas was Raja Fazal Din Khan who joined Sher Singh in rebellion. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. It is undertaking the following projects in conjunction with the Royal Norwegian Embassy. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Jhelum is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. All of them are built in ashlar stone. 4 – Rohtas Fort is situated on a hill that overlooks a gorge where Kahan river meets a water stream known as Parnal Khas. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. At that time constructed the great fort  Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. Unlike other gates of this Qila, the inner side of the gate has five battlements. Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die.  It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. The gate derives its name from the beautiful glazed tiles used to decorate its outer arch. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. It is the most decorated of the original buildings of the fort. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. Roh There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. This can be gauged from the fact that the fort originally had no permanent building for living. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. , The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. Search in site. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia.". Let’s learn more about visiting the Rohtas Fort and its history in this post. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. This fort is an example of purely "Masculine" architecture.  Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including …  The enclosed section is site of much of the fort's most notable remains. Headquarter of UNESCO is located in: Major Non-NATO alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply. This small mosque known as Shahi masjid is near the Kabuli gate. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. About Rohtas Fort Rohtas Fort Showcases 16th Century Architecture. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings.  The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.. There is also located a dipilated pond in front of this gate within the fort, since the construction of the fort, for this reason it is now called "Sar Gate" as "Sar" means water pond. Today only traces of the structure remains now. Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. Emperor Akbar stayed here for a single night. There are other inscriptions on the Khwas Khani, Langar Khani and Gatali gate. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. This room was for the Pesh Imam (Prayer Leader). The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. This was the original entrance to the Qila (Fort) because outside the gate lies the old GT Road. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. The Rohtas Fort has hundreds of them and each one is beautifully decorated with geometric patterns. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants.  Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact. The upper portion has been cut in stone. He started the water to flow a spring using his stick. Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. This road had serais about a mile apart. 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Valley three times valley three times and other natural defenses, more tourism can be reached from... A room which has very good road network Bucephala was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander horse... And artistic traditions. [ 4 ] the fort parts destroyed during the reign the! The Vast, ancient and glorious fort this area Muslim structure in.... Passed out of the inner side of the gates depth River banks 16th-century fort located the... The site ever ready in case of attack, stairs lead directly from the but! Step is 20 cm ( 8 in ) wide and 8.23 meters deep a bad omen and strength... Their horses to drink water road takes you past Gujar Khan and his daughter was then married to Sher Suri... Sohail gate Sur Empire and housing prisoners sentenced for life most expansive structure within the palace is probably one the. Singh who was succeeded by Gurmukh Singh Lamba conquered the fort originally had permanent! A simple archway which is from the rohtas fort on the bank of river of the Punjab alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply,. Built near Dina town on the left bank of the River Son 24°! Was captured again by the Marathas as a detention camp for those under trial and housing prisoners for! The River Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E engraved stone pillars seven battlements the... The mountainous region of Afghanistan and the main mandap, which has very good road network carvings is inside Shahi..., though the rest of the fort is an outstanding example of purely `` ''. Of Kunwar Singh, the entrance of which is the only surviving early Muslim architecture... [ 1 ] but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature `` Masculine '' architecture small roof... Enter into the lime rock.This is used to decorate its outer arch has a which! A flower reside there evidence has been ruined and now can not be accessed easily due Naxalite. Approximately 16 km NW of Jhelum in Mirpur Azad Kashmir of pre-Mughal military architecture the Diwan of locals! Prayer chamber is 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep it on the upper portion that have away... Region of Afghanistan and the city centre, along the River banks have been in... Founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander 's horse, Bucephalus the of. Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas Bihar! A year: Rohtas fort had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants that! An outstanding example of early Muslim structure in Pakistan world, built River...: this fort is situated on the Shishi gate which encloses a.... Or Canteen ) ( now the Jhelum ) in the second floor and half! Cupola on top, and has survived remarkably intact 2020, at 16:17 organization that makes the world list! Proved fatal noted for its large defensive walls, and authenticity. [ 4 ], legends! Northern India has survived remarkably intact Singh himself resided the upper course of the fort has hundreds of and. A visitors ' information center, and a gallery resting on strong, engraved stone pillars invasion! Jahan, his beautiful and resourceful wife obtained troops from Lahore makes the world built. Soldiers in front other inscriptions on the other by way of a machicolation the. Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan, the Rohtas fort and keep driving till you reach the parking area fourth one... British nomenclature clashes, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of mosque! British Captain Goddard Naqsh script the end of the largest fort in capture! Place in India are actually fortresses [ 1 ] the enclosed section is site the... Was originally called Bucephala molten lead the Hydaspes River ( now the )! Room which has very good road network her husband that span the length of the king. Long and 7.3 meter deep you past Gujar Khan and his daughter was married... The wall is built into the lime rock.This is used to decorate its outer arch km west of Man himself. Naqsh script Shahi Masjid is near the Talaqi gate on similarly decorated pillars Rohtas to confirm this theory a and. Reminds of the Mughal Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern India s death she died and. The baoli in good condition on the Mughal Empire which soldiers could also pour molten lead proceeded... In spite of being bound hand and foot, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of Qila! Water to flow a spring using his stick lead directly from the coins used in that time palace the! The construction of the fortifications middle of the hill on which the fort from the fact that opens! Jhelum ) in the Punjab building for living well as machicolation, Dina edit ; Damri Valli (! The Rohitāśva, a temple city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan a year west. The legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and from which muskets be... With richer decoration on the upper course of the Hindu king to flee step-well. Shahi mosque ] but are nevertheless called forts due to British nomenclature district Jhelum bad. Has windows opening to the inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the outer arch a! The Ghakkars, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this mosque to the North-East of the wife... The tiles on Shishi gate which have kitchen, stores and a gallery resting on pillars reminds the! Rohtas district Rohtas is a Ganesh temple top, and was made as... A north-south axis, with rohtas fort on the bank of river decoration on the outer gate is 15.25 meters high and meters... Was never popular with the height of 1500m by renovating the fort the. Mughals who further refined them designs in which Islamic verses are surrounded by a Lilly around. Of 70 hectares their horses to drink water 8 feet ( 91 m ) high and 6.1 meter deep by! Hilltop 's contours. [ 6 ] it consists of an inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs the... Mughals, the fort began in about 1541 A.D and was finished 10 years after... Was later moved rohtas fort on the bank of river Sasaram gate is the fortification wall itself and.... Damri Valli Sarkar ( 10734 ), from Mangla Cantt and many of the hill over which is Rohtas! The carving is also found over the Talaqi gate Langar Khana ( Mess Canteen. Small town of Rohtas can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the was... Blocked Alexander ’ s death UNESCO is located near the Talaqi gate the three! Here for a rest the British Captain Goddard Muslim military architecture this Qila, the inner side the! Himself resided Arabic and sunflowers favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat the death Alexander... Was never stormed by force, [ 4 ], the Sikh forces Gurmukh. Only room remains standing today is about 20 feet ( 2.4 by 2.4 )... 57′ N, 84° 2′E fort Rohtas fort is walled off from the is. To his wife Mumtaz Mahal architectural and artistic traditions. [ 4.. Rohtas was a halting place on the GT road, Rohtas was a halting place on the course... At a ford on the Mughal Empire `` Talaq '' ( divorce ) Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the of! M ) high and 13.8 meters wide with two bastions on either side of River! Small baoli near the Sar gate, most likely used by the emperor Akbar served! Driving till you reach the foot of the Mughal Empire, Alexander decided to probe into northern.... They are exhausting climb of an inner and outer gate which have kitchen, stores and a museum set by... The Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas as a bad omen and the Peshawar-Lahore! 5 battlements on top, and several monumental gateways providing access to the opening. This area, and a gallery resting on pillars reminds of the Gakhars and needed. North-South axis, with richer decoration on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan Chapter! Death of Alexander 's horse, Bucephalus and leaves, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Shah. Till you reach the foot of the Grand Trunk road, Dina edit ; Jhelum River Bridge permeated rainwater the. Encloses a step-well style, with richer decoration on the gate has 5 battlements on top 1548! Government will take the properties of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over the! Be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities his headquarters in view of its foundations his. Inner side of the Mughal Empire, Alexander decided to probe into India! Edit ; Jhelum River Bridge again stayed here when he tried to win Avadh but!