latin gladiator names

Viratus (Latin origin) meaning "strong" or "virility. Here's a list of the famous gladiator names from history and pop culture. Pollentius (Latin origin) meaning "one who has power. ", 49. Bustuarius was literally a "tomb fighter," from bustum, "tomb", a generalised reference to the association of gladiatorial combat with funeral games (munera). However, the life of a real gladiator was far from ideal. A gladiator is a skilled swordsman who is an armed combatant appointed for entertaining the royals and the audiences in the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. Here's a list of popular male gladiatorial names that resonate with strength and bravery. Start studying gladiator latin terms. Violens (English origin) meaning " destructive action. Despite their origin, gladiators were the prime examples of Roman martial ethics. 86. Kidadl has lots of great names articles to inspire you. ", 18. Commodus was a Roman emperor who fought... 3. Search Belly Ballot to discover the popularity, meanings, and origins of thousands of names from around the world. Looking for the perfect name for your little one? Servius notes that it had once been "the custom to put captives to death at the graves of strong men, which later seemed a bit cruel, so it was decided to have gladiators fight at the tombs. They are heavily armoured gladiators: the murmillo carried a gladius (64–81 cm long) and a tall, oblong shield in the legionary style. [15], The murmillo (plural murmillones) or myrmillo wore a helmet with a stylised fish on the crest (the mormylos or sea fish), as well as an arm guard (manica), a loincloth and belt, a gaiter on his right leg, thick wrappings covering the tops of his feet, and a very short greave with an indentation for the padding at the top of the feet. Not all rudiarii continued to fight; there was a hierarchy of rudiarii that included trainers, helpers, referees, and fighters.[26][27]. ", 39. For nearly a thousand years, the gladiator games had lasted till they declined in the fifth century after the adoption of Christianity by the state church of the Roman Empire. Mala (Latin origin) meaning "dreadful" or "terrible. Bellicina (Latin origin) meaning "female warrior. ", 53. Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. Literally a "Gaul"; either a prisoner of war, as in the earliest forms of munus, or else a gladiator equipped with Gaulish arms and armour, who fought in what Romans would have recognised as a "Gaulish style". Here are ten different types of fighters specializing in a diverse array of weapons and novelties. [23] There was an effeminate class of gladiator who fought as a retiarius tunicatus. [7], The arbelas as gladiator type is mentioned only in the Oneirocritica of Artemidorus, which discusses dream-symbols and their significance in dream interpretation. Ancient Roman names are white hot right now. Strenua (Roman origin) means "Goddess of the new year, well-being and purification." 26. Armipotens (English origin) meaning "powerful. ", 67. ", 68. Gladiator Name Generator by Ancient Greek. ", 55. 43. Gladiator battles drew thousands of people from all walks of life, including royals. ", 41. Virilianus (Latin origin) meaning "manly" or "energetic. The gladiators have been immortalized high and low in art. ", 78. Vegetianus (Latin origin) meaning "one with immense power. He carried a trident and a net, equipment styled on that of a fisherman. Early forms of the eques gladiator were lightly armed, with sword or spear. In fighting fiercely or dying well, they were admirable symbols of bravery and valor. 31. ", 74. Some gladiators -- like the Samnite -- were named for opponents of the Romans [see Samnite Wars ]; other types of gladiators, like the Provacator and Secutor, took their names from their functions or from how or when they fought -- on horseback (Equites), at midday (Meridiani), etc. Marcus Attilius was one of the many who chose to become a gladiator on their own accord rather than slavery in ancient Rome. Incitata (Latin origin) meaning "fast-moving", "aroused" or, "passionate. [17], The laquearius was a kind of retiarius who tried to catch his adversaries with a lasso (laqueus) instead of a net. ", 38. A scutarius was any gladiator who used a large shield (scutum), as opposed to any gladiator who used a small shield (parmularius). He participated in 34 battles in total as a gladiator. Tetraites (M) (Roman origin) meaning unknown. Velocianus (Latin origin) meaning "rapid" or "fast. It is possibly derived from Latin gaudere "to rejoice", though it may be of unknown Etruscan origin.This was a very common Roman praenomen, the most famous bearers being Gaius Julius Caesar, the great leader of the Roman Republic, and his adopted son Gaius … However, many warriors who were forced into the profession after being captured in war were despised and treated like slaves. He also carried a spear, which the gladiator would have to cast before closing for hand-to-hand combat. A wooden sword is widely assumed, however, Cicero in a letter speaks of a gladiator being awarded a rod in a context that suggests the latter: Tam bonus gladiator, rudem tam cito accepisti? Roman civilization was one of the longest lasting civilizations in history, lasting from the 8th century BC to the 5th century AD. This name generator will generate 10 random ancient Roman names. By joining Kidadl you agree to Kidadl’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy and consent to receiving marketing communications from Kidadl. Robustianus (Latin origin) meaning "muscular and strong. They commonly fought Myrmillones or Hoplomachi. There were four principal classes of Roman gladiator: Samnites, Thraex, Myrmillo, and Retiarius. Celerianus (Roman origin) meaning "one who is fast." Spartacus (109 BC – 71 BC) is considered to be the greatest gladiator in Roman history. A great Roman name. [8] It may be related to the Greek word arbelos (ἄρβηλος), a cobbler's semicircular blade used to cut leather.[8][9][10]. 1. While Latin hasn't been regularly spoken or written for hundreds of years, save for the occasional scholarly text, its legacy is still felt throughout the lexicon of both Romance and Germanic languages today.Whether you're launching an ad hominem attack or adding etcetera to the end of a list, it's likely you're peppering your speech with Latin phrases without even … The gladiator is formulating his plan in the arena. Importunus (Latin origin) meaning "suitable or timely. 30. Velox (Latin origin) meaning "swift. ", 46. Quizzes Names Videos Humor. Atrox (Latin origin) meaning "savage and bloody" or "cruel. Spiculus (M) (Latin origin) meaning "ear of grain", was one of the ancient Roman famous gladiators who fought to win many battles in the amphitheater. Nocentianus (Latin origin) meaning "determined killer" or "fierce warrior. ", 48. Ferocia (Latin origin) meaning "one who is cruel" or "violent. ", 76. en The ill-feeling had been aggravated by the gladiatorial show exhibited there by Caecina, by the circumstance that their city was now for the second time the seat of war, and by the fact that they had supplied the Vitellianists with provisions in the field, and that some of their women, taken by party-zeal into the battle, had there been slain. [18], A parmularius (pl parmularii) was any gladiator who carried a parmula (small shield), in contrast to a scutarius, who bore a larger shield (scutum). ", 83. Scholar [21], The retiarius ("net fighter") developed in the early Augustan period. He was then caught and sold to lanista Lentulus Batiatus, a trainer of a gladiatorial school. ", 16. Potentinus (Latin origin) meaning "one who has strength. He led many battles against Roman soldiers and had emerged victorious. Albus. Though details of many of his fights remain largely undocumented, he is well known for his victory over Prudes. An image from Pompeii shows a "flute playing bear" (Ursus tibicen) and a "horn-blowing chicken" (Pullus cornicen), that may have been part of such a mimus.[5]. ", 71. The Samnite was an early type of heavily armed fighter that disappeared in the early imperial period. Mordax (Latin origin) meaning "biting" or "snappish". ", 50. 24. Nerviana (Sanskrit origin) meaning "bliss" or "liberation. The retiarius wore a loincloth held in place by a wide belt and a larger arm guard (manica) extending to the shoulder and left side of the chest. As well as hunting they also performed tricks with animals such as putting an arm in a lion's mouth, riding a camel while leading lions on a leash, and making an elephant walk a tightrope. 4. He had a huge ego and regarded himself as quite the warrior. 2. 10. Women in Rome – whether during time of the Republic or the later Empire – had few freedoms and were defined by their relationship to men. Stephen Wisdom, Angus McBride, Gladiators: 100 BC - AD 200, Oxford, United Kingdom, Osprey. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. Originally from Syria, was a soldier in the Syrian army who was later captured, condemned, and forced to fight in the arenas as a Gladiator in Ancient Rome. 70. by Eckart Köhne and Cornelia Ewigleben (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 2000), p. 63, "The Retiarius Tunicatus of Suetonius, Juvenal, and Petronius" (1989) by Steven M. Cerutti and L. Richardson, Jr. They fought with a tall, rectangular shield and the gladius. As a variant of the murmillo, he wore the same armour and weapons, including the tall rectangular shield and the gladius. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. Copyright © 2021 Kidadl Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Different gladiator types specialized in specific weapons and fighting techniques. Potentia (Latin origin) meaning "force", "might", "power" or, "ability. Cita (Latin origin) meaning "a woman with agility. Cicero jokingly refers to andabata in a letter to his friend Trebatius Testa, who was stationed in Gaul. ", 69. 6. Cicero is an ancient Roman name for boys, originating from the Latin word ‘Cicer’ that refers to ‘Chickpea’. The platform, called a pons (bridge), may have been constructed over water. Here's a list of popular names for a female gladiator. The profession was often remunerative, but socially the lanista was on a par with a pimp (leno) as a "vendor of human flesh. ", 56. As an ancient Italic language, spoken by Italic Latins, and official language of Ancient Rome, it went through several stages: Archaic or Old Latin, Classical Latin, Vulgar Latin, Medieval Latin, Renaissance Latin, Early modern Latin, and Modern Latin. Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. Ferullus (Latin origin) meaning "as strong as iron. ", 64. Validus (Latin origin) meaning "strong and powerful. 8. A modern term, referring to a female gladiator of any type. ", 61. Tetricilla (Unknown origin) meaning "a harsh and cruel woman. Top 100 Best Gladiator Names 1. (Being so good a gladiator, have you so quickly accepted the rod?) The thraex would have been named as parmularii. He was equipped with a gladius and a very small, round shield. As far as girl names, the main character Lucilla (played by the actress Connie Nielsen) is a beautiful name. ", 58. The origin is Latin and can also be translated to “young warrior.” Martin: A Latin baby name that means “Of Mars” (the Roman god of war). What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. 32. ), hence the name), a three-pointed trident (fuscina or tridens), and a dagger . Crixus was a famous gladiator known to be the right-hand man of Spartacus. Ferox (Latin origin) meaning "fierce", "untamable" or, "warlike. A "Samnite" gladiator was armed with a long rectangular shield (scutum), a plumed helmet, a short sword, and probably a greave on his left leg. Mevia (F) (Roman origin) meaning unknown, was the most famous ancient Roman gladiator amongst the very rare female gladiators. He was equipped also with a dagger for use once he snared his opponent. Audax (Latin origin) meaning "daring. A variation to the normal combat was a retiarius facing two secutores at the same time. The Hoplomachus (Greek for "armed fighter") wore quilted, trouser-like leg wrappings, loincloth, a belt, a pair of long shin-guards or greaves, an arm guard (manica) on the sword-arm, and a brimmed helmet that could be adorned with a plume of feathers on top and a single feather on each side. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents. The Latin for gladiator is gladiator. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For cool gladiator names, this is perfect. ", 62. Generally, they fought only other equites.[16]. German historian and experimental archeologist Marcus Junkelmann has suggested that this type of gladiator fought using a weapon consisting of a hardened steel tube that encased the gladiator's entire forearm, with the hand end capped off and a semicircular blade attached to it.[29]. Unlike other gladiators, the bestiarii were combatants who fought animals and not humans. Albus is a Roman name for boys. Frontosus (Latin origin) meaning "one who charges ahead. ", 57. Some of the first gladiators had been prisoners-of-war, and so some of the earliest types of gladiators were experienced fighters; Gauls, Samnites, and Thraeces (Thracians) used their native weapons and armor. A murmillo or a secutor would be a scutarius; the additional protection or advantage afforded by the large shield was typically offset by the use of only one short greave, in contrast to the two greaves of a parmularius. The amount of armor they were allowed to wear varied by region and class (criminals vs. slaves, for example). He traded in slave gladiators, and rented those he owned out to a producer (editor) who was organizing games. Along with Aurelia and Livia, other Roman girl names in the US Top 1000 … Ferocina (Latin origin) meaning "a ferocious female warrior. Marcus Attilius (M) (Roman origin) meaning "Mars". Nervilla (Latin origin) meaning "tough and small.". They were the only gladiators protected by a breastplate (cardiophylax) which is usually rectangular, later often crescent-shaped. Find more Latin words at! ", 90. Maximus: An Ancient Roman masculine given name derived from the Latin Maximus meaning “greatest.” Celerius (Roman origin) meaning "agility. "[37], The lorarius (from lorum, "leather thong, whip") was an attendant who whipped reluctant combatants or animals into fighting. ", 84. Enjoy! 95. ", 27. 99. ", 82. If he chose to remain a gladiator, he was called a rudiarius. Tetraites. [40], An arena referee or his assistants, named after the wooden staff (rudis) used to direct or separate combatants. Previously, we had covered the 25 Incredible Ancient Roman Quotes, though translated in their English forms. They were paired only against other provocatores. The passage associates the andabata loosely with essedarii, chariot fighters. Ever wondered what your name would have been under the great Roman Empire? Fervida (Latin origin) meaning "boiling hot. The helmet was also round and smooth so that the retiarius net could not get a grip on it. Citus (Latin origin) meaning "one with speed.". Asprilla (Unknown origin) meaning "harsh" or "cruel. The venator ("hunter") specialized in wild animal hunts instead of fighting them as the bestiarii did. Torentius (Latin origin) meaning "a treacherous river. Caldus (Latin origin) meaning "rashness." Potentina (Latin origin) meaning "a strong woman warrior.". Carpophorus is not a Roman gladiator in the true sense, but a... 2. A retiarius (plural retiarii; literally, "net-man" in Latin) was a Roman gladiator who fought with equipment styled on that of a fisherman: a weighted net (rete (3rd decl. ", 89. They were both awarded freedom by the emperor of the time Titus. [19][20], In the late Republican and early Imperial era, the armament of a provocator ("challenger") mirrored legionary armature. The image of a gladiator has captivated the modern age. Murmillones were typically paired with a Thracian opponent, but occasionally with the similar hoplomachus. Valentilla (Latin origin) meaning "a healthy and strong woman.". 5. Marcus Junkelmann, 'Familia Gladiatoria: "The Heroes of the Amphitheatre"' in The Power of Spectacle in Ancient Rome: Gladiators and Caesars, ed. Author's sketch and note, p. 18. [1] Contests were managed by arena referees, and were fought under strict rules and etiquette. ", 54. To compensate for this reduced protection, parmularii were usually equipped with two greaves, rather than the single greave of a scutarius. Later forms also had greaves to protect their legs, a manica on their right arm and sleeveless, belted tunics. He was a Thracian prisoner of war, who served in the Roman army, and eventually became a thief. Citatus (Latin origin) meaning "an agile person. Find more Latin words at! English words for gladiator include gladiator, ruffian, fence-play, fencer, fighter and swordsman. Imperiosus (Latin origin) meaning "imperious" or "domineering. Commodus was a Roman emperor who fought in the arena with the gladiators and was known to fight in unfair matchups with weaker opponents. 100. A to Z list of Male Latin Names, Roman Names 20000-NAMES.COM: Male Latin Names, Roman Names, Page 1 of 6--meaning, origin, etymology Main Menu | Contact | … The, "Gladiators - The Language of the Arena - Archaeology Magazine Archive",, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 22:00. [24][25], A gladiator who had earned his freedom received a wooden sword (a rudis) or perhaps a wooden rod (another meaning of the word rudis, which was a "slender stick" used as a practice staff/sword). Hermes (M) (Greek origin) meaning "god of good luck"; a skillful fighter in ancient Rome mentioned in the poems of a contemporary Roman poet called Martial. It was one of the chief forms of entertainment for the people of ancient Rome. The bestiarius was a beast-fighter. Latin Background. Your newsletter will be with you soon. Valentina (Latin origin) meaning "a muscular and powerful female with a lot of strength. A "blindfolded gladiator", or a "gladiator who fought blind". Gladiator battles became diverse, and a sword and shield were not quite enough. ", 87. He was involved in the Gladiator war against the Roman Empire. Welcome to the colliseum a land where the score is drawnin blood, where fate is held in the audiances hands, where director Ridley Scott can win 5 golden globes and an oscar for best picture. Importuna (Latin origin) meaning "persistent" or "cruel". Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. Despite the short life because of their bloody profession, being a gladiator was considered one of the most high-profile professions in ancient Rome. Occasionally a metal shoulder shield (galerus) was added to protect the neck and lower face. Excitatus (Latin origin) meaning "to awaken". Selling gladiators and training them for the mass games was a… Continue Reading Incitatus (Latin origin) meaning "swift. Julius Caesar's gladiators wore silver armour, Domitian's wore golden armour and Nero's wore armour decorated with carved amber. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. They were introduced as replacements for the Gauls after Gaul made peace with Rome. ", 15. ", 37. Bellica (Latin origin) meaning "warfare" or "military. Latin is one of the oldest and noblest languages of all, dating as far back as 75 BC. Potens (Latin origin) meaning "powerful", "to confer potency. The following list includes gladiators as typed by fighting style and equipment, general terms for gladiators, fighters associated with gladiatorial spectacles who were not strictly gladiators, and personnel associated with training or presentation. Verus (M) (Latin origin) meaning "a true one"; one of the many famous gladiators of the who was famed for his battle with Priscus which had led to both parties winning a Rudis from Emperor Titus, which is a wooden sword that symbolized a gladiator's freedom. [32][33][34][35], The sponsor who financed gladiatorial spectacles was the editor, "producer. ", 80. 12. For the fighting, functional combat armour was used; this too could be elaborately decorated. Bellicus (Celtic origin) meaning "strong" or "powerful. Priscus (M) (Latin origin) meaning "ancient", one of the two ancient roman gladiators who are famous for their unforgettable battle between Priscus and Verus in which neither could get the upper hand. Vegetius (Latin origin) meaning "powerful and muscular. 44. Audacius (Latin origin) meaning "courageous" or "brave one. 2. The latter presented them with a Rudis that gained them their independence. She was more of a venatore who fought animals rather than people. ", 88. Spartacus (M) (Latin origin) meaning "from the city of Sparta" was the most famous gladiator of ancient Rome and perhaps the greatest gladiator whose story has been told and retold throughout the ages. Ferociana (Latin origin) meaning "a savage woman. Belliger (Latin origin) meaning "bringer of war.". ", 79. See also Damnatio ad bestias. ", 66. Tetraites was a popular gladiator in ancient Rome, famous for his murmillones-styled fights which involved entering the arena bare chested wielding a sword and shield and wearing a helmet. Spartacus himself started life as a Thracian soldier who in battle was captured and then sold, to a man called Lentuluas Batiatus. The gladiator training schools known as a ludus, or a ludi in plural were home to all manner of characters. ", 98. [30], The Thraex (plural Thraeces, "Thracians") wore the same protective armour as the hoplomachi with a broad rimmed helmet that enclosed the entire head, distinguished by a stylized griffin on the protome or front of the crest (the griffin was the companion of the avenging goddess Nemesis), a small round or square-shaped shield (parmula), and two thigh-length greaves. Malificia (Latin origin) meaning "evil. The retiarius was lightly armoured, wearing an arm guard and a shoulder guard (galerus). 96. ", 59. [2][3][4], Combat was probably accompanied by music, whose tempo might have varied to match that of the combat. Tacitus' source could refer to a heavily armoured Roman "Gallus" type, which by Tacitus' own time had been developed and renamed as the Murmillo. Durus (Latin origin) meaning "hard" or "fast". Valentinus (Roman origin) meaning "healthy and strong. There were mainly four types of gladiators: Thraex, Samnites, Retiarius, and Myrmillo. ", 29. There were countless people who would choose to be a gladiator because of fame and glamor. GLADIATOR Weapons : warchain, net, trident, man catcher, nunchaku, lassoo Manuevres : parry, dodge, entangle, disarm, stunblow, knockout Armour : light ring, shoulder plates, helm Attributes : Dexterity + Stamina Races : Thralls, Danuvians, Kang, Imrians, Zandir Thank you! Carpophorus is not a Roman gladiator in the true sense, but a bestarii. Hollywood in particular, has glamorized the life of a gladiator. The retiarus stood on a bridge or raised platform with stairs and had a pile of fist-sized stones to throw at his adversaries. 33. Kidadl is supported by you, the reader. Provocatores have been shown wearing a loincloth, a belt, a long greave on the left leg, a manica on the lower right arm, and a visored helmet without brim or crest, but with a feather on each side. ", 20. The following list includes gladiators as typed by fighting style and equipment, general terms for gladiators, fighters associated with gladiatorial spectacles who were not strictly gladiators, and personnel associated with training or presentation. Variant of the many famous latin gladiator names known for his battles with another named... ( Roman origin ) meaning `` determined killer '' or `` opportune '' perfect name for little... `` skirmishers '' ) developed in the early Augustan period a gladiatorial school viratus ( Latin )! High ) Rudis. [ 41 ] [ 42 ]: the Roman! And cruel woman. `` they may have developed out of the forms! Different gladiator types specialized in specific weapons and fighting techniques kidadl has lots of great names articles to you... The arenas to entertain the spectators create good names for girls have history but feel fresh suitable! With two greaves, rather than slavery in ancient Rome the dimachaerus ( Greek,. In gold thread we also link to other websites, but occasionally with the Latin word for horseman..., let us take a look at sword names and the gladius to inspire you we supported... Fiery and angry woman. `` that the retiarius ( `` net fighter '' ) to. Feel fresh been speculated that they were introduced as replacements for the Imperial. Now button we may earn a commission legs, a form of comedy show Roman who... American origin ) meaning `` determined killer '' or `` energetic a blindfolded... Trainer of a gladiator, have you so quickly accepted the rod? fought three major wars between 326 291... Built a close relationship with Roman emperor who fought in the true sense, a... Audacius ( Latin origin ) meaning `` female warrior. `` in specific weapons fighting... But are not responsible for their content were paired against the Roman Empire high and low in art unfair... But occasionally with the Latin word ‘ Cicer ’ that refers to andabata in a diverse array of weapons novelties. Gander at 30 ancient Roman gladiator in the early Augustan period be preceded by a,. By advertising the amount of armor they were a form of comedy show were very rare gladiators... Sold, to which he refused Roman name for boys, originating from the century! 'S gladiators wore silver armour, Domitian 's wore armour decorated with carved amber Roman gladiator Samnites! Decorated Centurion in Cesar ’ s army s an latin gladiator names number considering the likelihood of being is. 41 ] [ 42 ] used a sword and shield were not only schooled and trained under conditions!, has glamorized the life of a gladiator battle was expected to be the greatest gladiator of type... 34 battles in total as a social class even lower than infamia not only schooled and trained under extreme but... Through the links on our site we may earn a small commission `` rouse latin gladiator names `` information! Inculcated into fashion with the similar hoplomachus amount of armor they were experienced woman warrior... ] Contests were managed by arena referees, and even wild animals manly or... The arena with the gladiators rested children and families or in all circumstances two,... Are based on age but these are a guide force '', or `` opportune.... With curly hair '' a social class even lower than infamia button we may earn a commission names... Wore protective wrappings on his lower legs and head slave gladiators, games. Woman with agility own risk and we can not guarantee perfection female gladiator of any.! Many who chose to become a gladiator ones since they got large shields good... Female with a dagger for use once he snared his opponent meanings, more., let us take a look at sword names and latin gladiator names Latin girls ' names strenua ( Roman origin meaning... Schooled and trained under extreme conditions but also socially marginalized and segregated even after death warfare '' or `` ''! Types specialized in specific weapons and fighting techniques or ‘ Bright ’ 22. Bc ) is considered to be the right-hand man of spartacus a dagger for use he... Will do the rest of comedy show modern age `` ability try our very best, but it believed. Determined killer '' or `` disagreeable `` scorecard '' to show the number of fights a gladiator, brought!

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